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The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, or ASVAB, is a multiple-choice test used to determine what branch and rank in the military you are eligible for. But what is a good ASVAB score? And What Your ASVAB Scores Mean?



1. General Information about ASVAB Score

To join the US military, you are required to first talk to a recruiter and pass the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, a multiple choice test used to adjust qualification for enlistment and determine eligibility for a specific career in various military branches.  When you take the ASVAB test, you’d better know about 3 scores: Standard Scores, Composite Scores, AFQT Scores.


After the test, you are given a Standard Score for each of the subtests. Standard Scores are on a scale of 0 to 100 so the mean or average is set to 50. On this scale, every 10 points from the mean represents one standard deviation. This means that a 60 Standard Score would be above average. Most test-takers scores are between 30 and 70. The Standard Scores on each of the individual subtests are used to calculate other scores that determine your eligibility, branch, and rank in the military. These scores are: Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) scores and Composite Scores.



2. AFQT score

The AFQT (Armed Forces Qualification Test) score determines whether you’re eligible to enlist in the US military. The AFQT score is made-up of your scores on the 4 subtests: Arithmetic Reasoning (AR), Mathematics Knowledge (MK), Paragraph Comprehension (PC), Word Knowledge (WK).

Your AFQT score varies from 0 - 100. The AFQT score is calculated through a very particular process:

  • Calculate the total value of your Word Knowledge score and Paragraph Comprehension score. This score is called your Verbal Expression or VE score.

  • Double your VE score and then add it to your Arithmetic Reasoning (AR) score and your Mathematics Knowledge (MK) to get your AFQT Score.

  • Now the general equation will look like this:
    Raw AFQT Score = 2 × (WK + PC) + AR + MK

Convert your raw score to a percentile score to compare your results to the results of thousands of other ASVAB test-takers. Army recruits require a minimum score of 31, Marine Corps recruits at least a 32, Navy recruits is at least a 35, and Air Force and Coast Guard recruits at least a 36.

AFQT scores are divided into categories, as shown in the table below (official ASVAB website):



3. COMPOSITE SCORES – MOS/JOB ASSIGNMENTS

Composite scores, also called line scores, are different combinations of your Standard Scores from your nine subtest score areas. These scores are used to tell you specific jobs and branches they may perform well in. The official ASVAB website wrote: "each service develops and validates its own set of composites based on the combination of subtests that are most highly correlated with on-the-job performance for clusters of occupations." Specifically, each branch of the military determines which skills are most important. Specific subtests will show a candidate's knowledge in a particular skill. 

Understanding how these scores are calculated will help you set up a studying strategy, so you can focus on specific areas you want to do well in, and get 100% ready to take your test. 


Hope that this information helps you deeply understand “what is a good ASVAB score”. Feel free to take our practice tests to get ready for your coming ASVAB test!