CCNA (which stands for the Cisco Certified Network Associate) is currently an international technical certification for network professionals issued by the world's leading network equipment manufacturer Cisco Systems of the United States. This is considered the best certificate in the list of the top 10 professional certifications in the world. CCNA holders are often considered to have comprehensive skills and knowledge regarding network technologies and practical skills. Currently, CCNA Routing & Switching V6.0 (subject code 200-125) is the latest version. So what do you need to know about this certification and how to get it? Let's start with our article below!
Cisco Certified Network Associate is the full name of CCNA - an international professional certification specializing in network technology, granted and certified by Cisco System by the world-famous array equipment manufacturer. The company's headquarters are located in the United States of America, CCNA vocational certificates have been used and recognized in over 150 countries, and especially according to the famous Certification Magazine, CCNA is ranked in the top 10 certifications. The world's leading professionals in terms of the comprehensive knowledge, skills, and professionalism of those who apply for and earn this certification in both theory and practice.
A statistic of market researchers has shown that Cisco currently dominates, accounting for nearly 60-70% of the market for network technology equipment in most countries around the world. The prestige and professionalism of Cisco Systems have brought all the needs of users, all of which have proven one thing that in the field of network information, no enterprise can surpass Cisco.
When you choose to learn and research about Cisco System's network technology, you will have the ability to grasp all of today's most advanced network technologies. That leads to engineers or professionals who get CCNA certification being fully equipped with the necessary basic foundations of network knowledge including networking (LAN), (WAN), Switch, CDN, Routers, and Internet Protocols.
CCNA certification is now included in one of the testing levels within the Cisco IT certification hierarchy. As a result, in fact, there are no technical prerequisites for the CCNA exam. This means you don't have to pass tests before being eligible for CCNA certification. However, there is an age limit for all Cisco certifications:
Although Cisco does not have the prerequisites for CCNA certification, the CCNA exam (200-125) may be best for those with a year or two of networking experience. But it is also advisable to have an understanding of the exam topics before taking the test.
CCNA candidates also typically have:
This should not deter people who have no real experience and still want to take the test. Note: There are two ways to obtain CCNA certification. Candidates with no network experience may want to take the ICND1 test first and then the ICND2 test for CCNA certification.
Step 1: Get the introductory certificates (optional)
Although officially, the CCNA certification does not require you to have an introductory certificate, taking the exam and obtaining some of the necessary entry certifications will guarantee your career advancement. Besides, the introductory certificates will also be the foundation for you to perform well and shorten the preparation time for the CCNA certification exam. The CCENT (Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician) certification will be a good first step towards acquiring CCNA. CCENT will be issued when you pass the ICND1 exam.
Step 2: Prepare carefully to pass the CCNA exam
To pass this exam, besides providing the theory on the side, you need to have hours of practice through the simulation software. You can study on your own through textbooks or study programs at authorized online courses in partnership with Cisco. For those who get CCENT certification, they will have to pass the second part, ICDN2 of the training program, and on passing this part you will get CCNA. Non-certified individuals can take courses that combine both ICND1 and ICND2.
Step 3: Take the CCNA exam
This exam will be held at authorized centers partnering with Cisco. Candidates can register directly with Cisco or through the registration center. Regarding the CCNA exam process, it will take 120 minutes, so candidates need to pay attention to the amount of time to complete the exam on time. The exam will test the knowledge or skills that candidates need to fix, design, and operate network problems at companies and businesses. Some main topics you can refer to are:
Here, in addition to the previous topics, the enhancements will include the roles of Routers and Switches in the network, different types of topology, copper/fiber information, cable troubleshooting, and location. IPv4 and IPv6 only, next-generation firewalls and IPS, Cisco DNA Center and WLC, etc. In the new improvement, there is no mention of Comparing OSI and TCP/IP models, Cloud issues on enterprise network architecture.
In Part 2 Network Access, in addition to the old topics on VLAN, trunking, EtherChannel, and STP, the update adds a large amount of knowledge in the field of Wireless such as Comparing Wireless network architectures and AP models.
In part 3 IP Connectivity in addition to the old topics about routing, IP, the improvement adds the FHRP topic in the Infrastructure Services section of the old program. In particular, the update does not cover the topics of RIP, EIGRP, and routing between VLANs
In this section, in addition to the old topics about WAN technology in the improved version, many topics of the Infrastructure Services section and the Infrastructure Management section of the old program are included (combined the two parts into one) and then added to the QoS topic. activities such as forwarding per-hop behavior (PHB): classification, marking, queuing, congestion, policing, shaping
This section takes the topics of the Infrastructure Security section in the old program and then adds many topics such as key security definitions and concepts (threats techniques, vulnerabilities, exploits, and mitigation).
This is one of the newest installments on topics like explaining how automation impacts network management. Comparing a traditional network with a Controller-based network. Describe controller- and software-based architectures (overlay, underlay, and fabric): control plane and data plane segregation, North-bound and south-bound APIs. Brings in Cisco DNA Center, REST-based APIs (CRUD, HTTP verbs, and data encoding), Puppet, Chef, and Ansible, and even understands JSON data files.
Tests will be supervised, time-limited, and delivered in a secure environment. Most exams last between 1 and 2 hours. Lab tests are 8 hours long. You need to pay $300 for taking this exam.
Candidates must agree to the terms of the Cisco Career Certifications and Confidentiality Agreement at authorized Cisco testing centers, which you will read and sign before you begin taking the test. If the candidate does not agree with the terms stated, the candidate will not be able to continue taking the test and the fee paid will not be refunded. Signing the commitment is a mandatory requirement for candidates.
The test can be more difficult than the examples and requires the candidate to make assumptions to solve the problem posed. In the test, questions can be multiple choice questions with only 1 correct answer or multiple correct answers, drag and drop, fill in the blank, or simulate. Except for the CCIE Lab exam, all other Cisco exams are offered online and in series. Once the candidate has "checked" the answer and moves on to the next question, you're not permitted to come back to any previous questions.
Candidates will be provided with a pen, a clipboard, and an eraser to help them calculate and perform the test most conveniently. The test may include sections that are not scored and will not affect the candidate's score on the Score report. In the test, these unscored questions are randomly distributed and timed added so as not to affect the candidate's time.
At the end of the test at the test center, the candidates will receive a score report (Score report) including the candidate's score and the minimum required score for the pass so that the candidate knows if he or she has passed or not. Lab test results will be published online within 48 hours. Cisco does not disclose the number of points required to pass or fail because the questions and pass scores change frequently and without notice.
CCNA is the most basic IT certification
Despite the surplus of labor in the fields of economics, finance, banking, etc., the demand for IT human resources recruitment in most countries is witnessing remarkable growth. Along with the demand for quantity, the professional requirements for IT personnel are increasing day by day. In that context, CCNA has gradually become a basic foundational certification that any network administrator should have.
CCNA helps expand career advancement opportunities
CCNA certification is the key to career success. Indeed, the CCNA certificate is always preferred over other certifications because it is issued by Cisco - the big man in the IT-Networking industry. Holding the CCNA certification is that you are proving to your superiors your professional competence. To get CCNA, learners will definitely spend a lot of time studying and researching to prepare for the international certification exam. The knowledge that CCNA brings will help learners form basic thinking and have practical skills to be ready to work at large enterprises.
However, the process of getting the CCNA certification is not easy. Therefore, when you have the CCNA certificate in your hand, you have confirmed your position and role. This is the basis for your superiors to trust and assign important tasks to you in the future.
CCNA is a globally recognized certification
The CCNA certification issued by Pearson VUE is an internationally recognized certification worldwide. CCNA certification certifies that technicians are skilled at installing switches and routers in complex network environments, in addition to configuring and operating LAN, WAN, and dial-up access services. distance, protocol application, master some knowledge about network security, wireless network connection systems.
CCNA helps solve financial problems
Becoming a network administrator is also the time when you are allowed to consider your desired salary higher. For large enterprises and corporations, CCNA is the most basic requirement for their employees. Once you have the CCNA certification, you can completely apply for jobs with much higher salaries.
You can leverage CCNA to own higher international certifications
CCNA is a solid stepping stone for you to go further. Once you have completed the CCNA certification, you are fully qualified and have the expertise to continue your studies and take further international certification exams.
CCNA is the gateway to the network administration industry, as it fully provides the most basic specialized concepts. After completing the CCNA certification, you are fully qualified and have the professional knowledge to continue studying and taking exams for higher international certifications such as CCNP, CCIE. CCNA also helps orient in more specialized directions such as Security, Data Center, Service Provider, Wireless, etc.
You can rest assured that after completing this certificate you can do a lot of different jobs with a desirable salary! CCNA certification covers many areas of network technology, so getting this certificate is not easy, you must have theoretical knowledge and proficiency in practice to pass. So, if you already have a CCNA certificate, you are indeed a very good and lucky person! Below, we list the jobs you can do after getting CCNA certification:
Because Cisco's market share of equipment is at the top of the world, Cisco's networking knowledge base is always an advantage for employers, helping you to have good jobs to grow. When you own a CCNA certificate, your image in the eyes of employers will become more professional because they will base on your qualifications to evaluate your in-depth knowledge of networking.
For those who study in the IT or Electronics and Telecommunications industry, in addition to owning a university degree in a major, they need international computer certifications to supplement their knowledge close to reality, to meet the right needs. of the recruiter. Two popular network administration certifications that are pursued by many people are CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) and MCSA (Microsoft Certified Systems) belonging to two big names Microsoft and Cisco. It is worth noting that these two certificates are not of the same type and go into different areas of network administration.
According to Cisco, CCNA (understood as R&S: Routing & Switching by default) is a certification that demonstrates basic knowledge of networking. Those who obtain this certification have the necessary skills and knowledge to install, configure, operate, troubleshoot for small and medium-sized LANs and WANs (100 network nodes or less). This training program will help you understand the knowledge of TCP/IP model, OSI model, routing protocols such as RIPv2, OSPF, EIGRP, knowledge of Ethernet, IP, ARP, Frame Relay, Wireless, VLANs, Access Lists, etc.
Looking closer, you will find this content extremely useful, it equips learners with the most basic concepts of networks, understanding network operations, network layers, protocols, etc. If you encounter any other device, you will not be surprised because what you have learned will help you actively receive, read and understand the new device (through the guide). And in fact, not all businesses use Cisco devices at all. There are many people who also compare learning CCNA to learning about hardware (because most of the content you learn is related to the first 3 layers of the OSI model).
As for Microsoft, the nature of Microsoft certifications in general (MCTS, MCSA, MCSE, MCITP...) affirms that those who hold these certificates are capable of successfully deploying a Microsoft product or technology, which includes hands-on skills on that product. In this scope, we only talk about MCSA (on Windows server 2003, 2008, 2012, 2016), the knowledge in the MCSA program will be more about installing, operating, using, and troubleshooting on Windows server systems. (in the process of learning the user will understand about users, groups, policies, network services, etc.
Field of study and research
These two international certifications are related to network administration, but there are slight differences.
The CCNA certification leans towards network infrastructure and network engineering (mainly at the TCP/IP layer). CCNA will give you basic knowledge about networking such as: IP address, network protocols, communication methods in the network. You will know the path of the packet in the network, as well as when it goes out to the internet. From there, you can capture the packet and apply it to Cisco System's network devices.
Microsoft's MSCA goes deep into the server system (server) and workstation (client). The MSCA certificate will provide you with knowledge and skills to administer Windows server systems as well as deploy and apply services on Windows (Mail, DNS, Web server, Proxy, ...)
With these certifications, you can become an expert in the following areas:
According to the above, we can clearly see that CCNA will be network-oriented (some content focuses a lot on Cisco products), and MCSA will be system/solution-oriented (from Microsoft). If you want to become an expert, an expert in network administration, you need to have background knowledge of networks and protocols (this content is provided in detail in CCNA), so of course, you need to learn about CCNA.
This is a question that many of you are asking. This certificate is valid for 3 years. After 3 years, you need to take a new certification exam to use for your work in the network administration industry.
To get CCNA certification, you can choose 2 different types of tests: taking ICND1 and ICND2 individually or taking the combined CCNA test. The test has many different formats such as fill-in-the-blank, drag and drop, selection, simulation, etc. Exam time is 90 minutes with 50 to 60 questions you need to answer. If you answer 75% correctly, you will pass the exam to get CCNA certification.
The CCNA exam fee is $300. Exam fees are payable directly to an authorized Pearson Vue test center. Fee payment is made online via credit card or wire transfer. Exam fee refund policies vary between authorized test centers.
In the US and Canada, tests are usually booked up to 6 weeks in advance, and the fastest time is to register and take the test on the same day. Reservation policy will vary by country and region. Candidates who fail the exam need to wait for at least 05 working days from the next day after the test date before they can re-register for the exam.
In the technology industry in general, it is divided into different areas such as network administration, software design... And the subjects who need to learn CCNA are network administrators. Network administrators need to know and understand all network devices as well as network models to be able to create internal networks or fix network errors in a company, hospital, organization...
The biggest reason is Cisco's scale, which accounts for >55% market share in network devices. This shows us that to have such a high market share, Cisco must be the most network-savvy company in the world today. For that reason, the certificate issued by Cisco is undeniable.
Below are the most popular IT certifications for technical support professionals and network administrators.
On this CCNA practice website, we'll provide you with:
- Free Practice Questions: 700+ CCNA questions with detailed explanations are available for all of the required skills. All you need to pass your recruitment test is available here.
- CCNA Practice Test Based On Real Tests: A same number of questions, same time limits, same structure. The exam simulators let you familiarize yourself with the test format and get totally ready for the real one.
- Download PDF Feature: Download and print all CCNA practice questions and practice tests if you want to take the tests with your pen and paper.
- No Sign-Up Or Login Required: All of your progress is saved without an account, even if you close your browser. However, login can sync your data between web and mobile applications.
- Gamification: The learning process will be divided into small milestones. Let’s make your studying exciting as if you were in some interesting games.
- Personal Study Plan: Just enter your exam date, a specific study plan will be set up for you. A clear schedule can exceed your expectation and give you the best preparation for the reading shot.
- 3 Interesting Test Modes: 3 different test modes with increasing difficulty levels allow you to experience the test in various ways.
- Dark Mode: Experience a dark theme that is more friendly to your eyes, and gets a whole new and marvelous experience.
- No Internet Required: Study on the go conveniently without any Internet connection.
- CCNA Test Bank: 3 features: Weak/ Medium / Strong questions help you clearly determine which area you should pay more attention to.