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Question:

A club has 36 members. If each member donates 12 items for an auction, how many items will there be in the auction?

A 432
Explaination

To find the total number of items, multiply the total number of members by the number of items each member will donate. This is represented by 36 × 12 = 432.
48 is incorrect because this results from adding instead of multiplying.
108 is incorrect because a multiplication error was made. This results from not using a placeholder zero or writing the numbers starting in the tens place when multiplying the second digit.
422 is incorrect because a multiplication error was made. This results from making an error when carrying from the ones digit to the tens digit.