A club has 36 members. If each member donates 12 items for an auction, how many items will there be in the auction?
To find the total number of items, multiply the total number of members by the number of items each member will donate. This is represented by 36 × 12 = 432.
48 is incorrect because this results from adding instead of multiplying.
108 is incorrect because a multiplication error was made. This results from not using a placeholder zero or writing the numbers starting in the tens place when multiplying the second digit.
422 is incorrect because a multiplication error was made. This results from making an error when carrying from the ones digit to the tens digit.