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Question:

Which is the best decision regarding the underlined portion of sentence 3 (reproduced below)?
Family, injustice, being African American and female were Clifton's enduring themes.

A Revise it to “and being”
Explaination

Using “and being” creates effective parallelism and clarifies what the writer means by “Clifton’s enduring themes”: “family,” “injustice,” and “being African American and female.” The other choices are incorrect because using “being” or “and the subjects of” or deleting the underlined portion entirely results in faulty parallelism.