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Question:

What is the difference between pharming and phishing attacks if an attacker in both pharming and phishing attacks may establish websites that seem similar to legitimate sites with the purpose of gathering personal information from its victims?

A In a pharming attack, a victim is redirected to a fake website by modifying their host configuration file or by exploiting vulnerabilities in DNS. In a phishing attack, an attacker provides the victim with a URL that is either misspelled or looks similar to the actual websites domain name
Explaination