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The presentation format of balance sheet data that standardizes the first-year values to 1.0 and presents subsequent years’ amounts relative to 1.0 is a(n):

A horizontal common-size balance sheet.

On a horizontal common-size balance sheet, the divisor is the first-year values so they are all standardized to 1.0 by construction. Trends in the values of these items as well as the relative growth in these items are readily apparent. A vertical common-size balance sheet expresses all balance sheet accounts as a percentage of total assets and does not standardize the initial year.