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Question:

What command allows users to back up and compress large directories if a user calls the helpdesk wanting a simple method he can use for backing up multiple large directories on a Linux system?

A tar
Explaination

The most common are -c, -z, -v, and -f (the command tar -czvf archive.tar.gzip /path to files). The -c command option creates an archive, the -z command option compresses the archive, the -v command option displays the process (runs in verbose mode), and the -f command option specifies the filename of the archive (archive.tar.gzip).