Top 15 Nurse Life Hacks That Will Make Your Nursing Career Easier

In this blog post, we'll share 15 nurse life hacks that will make your nursing career so much easier. Let's read it to get what you need!

As a nurse, you are tasked with caring for others and providing the best care possible. It can be hard to stay on top of all that is involved in your job, but these hacks will help simplify things! In this blog post, we’ll share 15 nurse life hacks that will make your nursing career so much easier.

1. When you prime your IV, go as slow as possible

This is because tiny air bubbles can easily be formed when you go full blast with the flow. Therefore, you can start with clamp the tube, then fill the drip chamber and let the fluid flow slowly.

2. When using a tourniquet, you should use gauze to prevent hair pulling

Patients can be suffered from pain because of the friction with hair created by a tourniquet. You can try placing a thin sheet of gauze in between the tourniquet and your patient’s skin to handle this problem. 

3. Removing blood stains by hydrogen peroxide

When blood left stains on your white uniform or favorite scrub suit and you have to wear them for your entire shift, those blood stains make you look as you’ve just had a battle. But don’t worry, you can easily remove these stains by dropping a few drops of hydrogen peroxide on them. Hydrogen peroxide is considered a stain remover. 

4. Prevent pinching 

Another interesting life hack you need to know is folding a washcloth and tuck it under the front of the bedside commode seat to prevent pinching. 

5. Try double insertion of Foley catheters when you didn’t hit the mark

Honestly, not only new nurses miss the mark but also a veteran fail doing this. Almost all nurses fail to get a foley cath to return when inserting it to a female patient. In this case, you should leave the first catheter in place and try the same procedure with another Foley catheter, aiming higher this time. 

6. Powder a bedpan 

Before you put a patient on a bedpan, remember to powder it. The purpose is to make it easier for evacuation. This life hack is very useful especially when you’re caring for obese patients. 

7. For patients who have a needle phobia

When you have to extract blood for patients who have a needle phobia, remember to ask them to take ten slow and deep breaths before starting to extract blood. The reason is patients can lessen fear and anxiety by deep breathing. 

8. When handling code brown, try the triple gloving method

The triple gloving method not only helps you save time but also limits the chances of your bare hands getting in contact directly with patient’s excretions. The first pair of gloves are used to clean your patient’s poop. The second one is meant for putting on a patient’s new diaper. And, using the third pair of gloves to place a fresh sheet on his bed and in disposing of waste.

9. Eliminate unpleasant odors

Adding grounded coffee beans in your station when you can’t stand the smell is another useful tip you need to know. Coffee powder is a good odor neutralizer, so putting a small container filled with grounded coffee beans right at the center of the area to eliminate the unpleasant smells.

10. If you’re feeling nauseous, using alcohol swabs

You can relieve nausea immediately by swiping an alcohol swab under your nose. This life hack also is very useful if you’re suffering from sinus pain.

11. For stinky situations, put peppermint oil in your mask

When you or your patients feel like vomiting from the bad odors, you can try to place a few drops of peppermint oil in your face mask and breathe through your mouth.

12. You should wear two masks

When you wear two masks, you can smear toothpaste or peppermint oil on the inside of the second mask that helps you tolerate the smell. In addition, it also prevents you from getting toothpaste or peppermint oil on your face or mustache.

13. Using alcohol on matted hair 

Alcohol is a really useful substance in nursing life hack as it also can be used to remove tangles. You can apply a few drops of alcohol on tangle areas when you can’t get through your patient’s hair with a hairbrush. This tip makes your work easier and faster as the alcohol works by breaking any substance that’s causing the tangles. Remember to rub thoroughly alcohol on the hair but gently.

14. Giving patient’s family members a job to do

Involving family members in caring for patients is an effective nurse life hack because the family always wants to be helpful. You can assign them minimal tasks such as holding a hand during a painful procedure, so they will feel like they’re contributing. 

15. Fake a pulse

Your patients will be conscious and immediately start to breathe more if you tell them you are counting their respirations. As a result, you cannot read exactly the patient’s respirations. Instead, don’t tell the patient what you are really doing when checking respirations on a patient. You should pretend like you are assessing his pulse and count the respirations. In addition, it will be better if you can place the patient’s arm across the chest so you can easily feel its rise and fall. 

To sum up, though nursing is not an easy job, it doesn’t mean you can’t make your work easier. You can try to apply our 15 nursing life hacks to make your time on the job easier and more efficient. 

Nurse Life Hacks

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HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Practice Test

This is a sample of the HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Practice Test with 10 practice questions. Visit our website to take more. All Free!

You are required to pass the Hesi A2 test or a different nursing school entrance exam to be admitted to a nursing school program. Hesi A2 reading comprehension is one section of the Hesi A2 exam. This test includes 47 questions that test your comprehension of short passages of reading and sentences, including your ability to identify main ideas, word meanings, context, and logical inferences.

Below is a sample of the HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Practice Test with 10 practice questions. Answer the questions and then scroll down to check the answers and explanations. You can access our website and app to learn and practice more HESI A2 reading comprehension practice questions. For more questions for other HESI sections, visit our free HESI practice test website now!

HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Practice Test Questions

Paragraph: Lyme disease is caused by ticks. More specifically, Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia bacteria, which are carried by ticks. When ticks infected with this bacteria bite humans, the bacteria can be transmitted into the bloodstream, causing an illness known as Lyme disease.

The symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, headache, fatigue, and joint and muscle pain. One of the most noticeable signs is a rash that looks like a series of red rings radiating out from the bite. This usually appears a week after the tick bite. However, not everyone with Lyme disease gets this rash.

The good news is that Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics. Most people recover quickly and fully. However, if Lyme disease is not treated properly, patients can suffer from debilitating symptoms weeks, months, and even years after the bite. This condition is known as post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD) or chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

To protect yourself from Lyme disease, always cover your skin with clothing or insect repellent when hiking or camping. If you get bitten by a tick, remove the tick right away; most cases of Lyme disease require the tick to be attached for 36 to 48 hours. If red rings appear, see a doctor right away. Lyme disease can be harmful, but it is preventable and treatable with early intervention.

1. Why would the author include the detail “most cases of Lyme disease require the tick to be attached for 36 to 48 hours” in paragraph 4?

A. To contradict the argument regarding the severity of Lyme disease

B. To inform the reader regarding the cause of Lyme disease

C. To offer an example of quick recovery from the disease

D. To support the reasoning behind immediate tick removal

Paragraph: Smallpox is one of the most deadly and dangerous diseases affecting the human population across the world. The first recorded epidemic was in 1350 BC during the Egyptian-Hittite war, and it was quite prevalent in the late 1800s through a large part of the 1900s. Approximately five hundred million people were infected with the disease prior to its eradication in the 1970s, with the last case being in Somalia in 1977. Symptoms of infection included excessive bleeding, high fever, delirium, vomiting, and a raised pink rash. Most cases of smallpox ended in death and survivors were often seriously maimed by pockmarks, blindness, or infertility. The pain and suffering remained for a lifetime after the disease was gone.

There is no known cure for smallpox, only preventative vaccinations. Because smallpox was wiped out in the 1970′s, the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) recommended that all countries stop vaccinating for the disease in 1980. This means that today, most young people are not vaccinated against the disease. Because the disease is considered eradicated, the issue of what to do with the remaining government-held vaccines has been an issue of debate. Should the stored vaccines be destroyed since the disease is no longer a concern, or do we keep them in storage for research or in case of an unexpected outbreak? Experts at the Center for Disease Control (C.D.C.) and the World Health Organization have spent an enormous amount of time researching this issue and have given much-educated thought to the matter. Reportedly the W.H.O. wants to destroy all vaccines, however, some scientists feel the destruction could do more harm than good.

The issue of bioterrorism adds another layer of complexity to the issue. In the case of smallpox, just a small amount of the virus released in the air could infect thousands of people in 6-24 hours. If such a disease were used as a weapon, we would obviously want the vaccine available for use. However, the fact that the vaccine still exists allows the use of smallpox for bioterrorism in the first place. If we could be sure all of the vaccines were destroyed, the decision may be a bit easier, But what if the vaccine were only partially destroyed, and the remainder was used by an unfriendly nation?

In this world of global unrest and increasing technology, bioterrorism will come an increasing concern. The smallpox virus could be a serious threat to world health should any nation engage in the act of bioterrorism against an enemy. The question remains: do we run the risk of bioterrorism by continuing to store the medicine for several hundred smallpox vaccinations or do we destroy the vaccine and pray that there is no outbreak of the deadly virus? Because it is unknown at this time if researchers are able to re-create the vaccine, either solution may have permanent consequences.

2. Which of these statements can be inferred from the second paragraph of the accompanying article on smallpox?

A. Smallpox is a very deadly disease.

B. Smallpox is one of the oldest known diseases, dating back to ancient Egypt.

C. The W.H.O. and the C.D.C disagree about how to handle the remaining vaccines.

D. There is no dispute as to how the remaining vaccines should be handled.

Paragraph: In 1841 a young man addressed an anti-slavery meeting in Massachusetts. He talked about what it was like to be separated from one’s family as a child. He talked about being beaten and overworked. He talked about learning how to read and write in secret. He talked about what it was like to be a slave. Perhaps one of the reasons the listeners were so impressed with the speaker was because he had been a slave himself.

Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in 1818 in Maryland. His last name was Bailey, the name of his mother. First, he was separated from his mother, then his grandmother. He eventually was sent to work for a family named Auld. Sophia Auld taught Frederick how to read and write. By the time her husband stopped her, Frederick had learned enough to progress on his own. Later, Frederick worked for a man named Covey, who often beat him. One night Frederick resisted the beating and the two men fought for two hours. This was a dangerous thing for a slave to do, but Covey finally gave up. Frederick has never beaten again.

In 1836, Frederick and other slaves tried to escape. Someone betrayed them and the attempt failed. Shortly after that, Frederick met Anna Murray, a free black woman, and the two fell in love. In 1838, Frederick planned another escape, and this time he successfully reached New York City. He and Anna were married shortly thereafter. Frederick decided to change his last name to symbolize his new freedom. He took the name Douglass from a character in a book a friend of his was reading at the time.

Frederick Douglass’s presence was a tremendous boost to the anti-slavery movement. Anyone who had doubts about the morality or violence of slavery had only to listen to the articulate former slave describe his former life. After President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, Douglass helped recruit black soldiers to fight for the Union in the Civil War. He died in 1895 after a long, full life.

3. What happened first?

A. Douglass addressed an anti-slavery meeting.

B. Douglass escaped from slavery.

C. Douglass resisted the beating of a man named Covey.

D. Douglass took a new name.

Paragraph: Smallpox is one of the most deadly and dangerous diseases affecting the human population across the world. The first recorded epidemic was in 1350 BC during the Egyptian-Hittite war, and it was quite prevalent in the late 1800s through a large part of the 1900s. Approximately five hundred million people were infected with the disease prior to its eradication in the 1970s, with the last case being in Somalia in 1977. Symptoms of infection included excessive bleeding, high fever, delirium, vomiting, and a raised pink rash. Most cases of smallpox ended in death and survivors were often seriously maimed by pockmarks, blindness, or infertility. The pain and suffering remained for a lifetime after the disease was gone.

There is no known cure for smallpox, only preventative vaccinations. Because smallpox was wiped out in the 1970′s, the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) recommended that all countries stop vaccinating for the disease in 1980. This means that today, most young people are not vaccinated against the disease. Because the disease is considered eradicated, the issue of what to do with the remaining government-held vaccines has been an issue of debate. Should the stored vaccines be destroyed since the disease is no longer a concern, or do we keep them in storage for research or in case of an unexpected outbreak? Experts at the Center for Disease Control (C.D.C.) and the World Health Organization have spent an enormous amount of time researching this issue and have given much-educated thought to the matter. Reportedly the W.H.O. wants to destroy all vaccines, however, some scientists feel the destruction could do more harm than good.

The issue of bioterrorism adds another layer of complexity to the issue. In the case of smallpox, just a small amount of the virus released in the air could infect thousands of people in 6-24 hours. If such a disease were used as a weapon, we would obviously want the vaccine available for use. However, the fact that the vaccine still exists allows the use of smallpox for bioterrorism in the first place. If we could be sure all of the vaccines were destroyed, the decision may be a bit easier, But what if the vaccine were only partially destroyed, and the remainder was used by an unfriendly nation?

In this world of global unrest and increasing technology, bioterrorism will come an increasing concern. The smallpox virus could be a serious threat to world health should any nation engage in the act of bioterrorism against an enemy. The question remains: do we run the risk of bioterrorism by continuing to store the medicine for several hundred smallpox vaccinations or do we destroy the vaccine and pray that there is no outbreak of the deadly virus? Because it is unknown at this time if researchers are able to re-create the vaccine, either solution may have permanent consequences.

4. What is the primary purpose of the accompanying article on smallpox?

A. to examine the World Health Organization’s view on smallpox

B. to examine the cause and cure for smallpox

C. to examine the issue of what to do with the remaining smallpox vaccines

D. to examine why smallpox is no longer relevant

Paragraph: The Science of Taste

Have you ever looked at your tongue in a mirror? If so, you have probably noticed that it is bumpy. The bumps on your tongue are called papillae. Each one of the papillae contains hundreds of taste buds. You also have taste buds on the roof of your mouth and on your epiglottis, which is located at the top of your throat. The taste buds send messages to your brain that tell you about its basic flavor—that is, whether you are eating something salty, sweet, bitter, sour, or umami. Umami is hard to describe, but it is most often called a “meaty” or “savory” flavor. Foods with an umami flavor include meat broth, cheese, and soy sauce.

Your mouth and tongue also have receptors that send information about things besides the basic flavors of food. Your mouth has temperature receptor cells that can tell whether a food is piping hot or ice cold. Other receptors give information about the texture of food or how spicy it is.

But just being able to tell whether what you are eating is sour, cold, crunchy, or spicy is not truly tasting the food. For example, orange soda and root beer are both sweet, cold, and bubbly, but they do not taste the same. In order to get the full flavor of your food, you also need to use your sense of smell. The upper part of your nose contains special cells called olfactory receptors. They send messages about what things smell like to your brain. As you chew your food, chemicals quickly travel to the olfactory receptors in your nose. When your brain gets information from both the olfactory receptors and the taste buds, you experience the full flavor of what you are eating.

5. According to the passage, what are taste buds responsible for?

A. Giving information about the texture of food

B. Sending messages to the brain regarding the flavor of food

C. Transmitting information about the smell of food

D. Understanding whether or not something is spicy

Paragraph: A favorite author for over 100 years, Theodor Seuss Geisel was born on March 2, 1902. Today, we celebrate the birthday of the famous “Dr. Seuss” by hosting Read Across America events throughout the month of March. Schoolchildren around the country celebrate the “Doctor’s” birthday by making hats, giving presentations, and holding read-aloud circles featuring some of Dr. Seuss’s most famous books.

But who was Dr. Seuss? Did he go to medical school? Where was his office? You may be surprised to know that Theodor Seuss Geisel was not a medical doctor at all. He took on the nickname Dr. Seuss when he became a noted children’s book author. He earned the nickname because people said his books were “as good as medicine”. All these years later, his nickname has lasted and he is known as Dr. Seuss all across the world.

Think back to when you were a young child. Did you ever want to try “green eggs and ham.”? Did you try to “Hop on Pop”? Do you remember learning about the environment from a creature called The Lorax? Of course, you must recall one of Seuss’ most famous characters; that green Grinch who stole Christmas. These stories were all written by Dr. Seuss and featured his signature rhyming words and letters. They also featured made-up words in order to enhance his rhyme scheme and even though many of his characters were made up, they sure seem real to us today.

And what of his “signature” book, The Cat in the Hat? You must remember that cat and Thing One and Thing Two from your childhood. Did you know that in the early 1950s there was a growing concern in America that children were not becoming avid readers? This was, book publishers thought because children found books dull and uninteresting. An intelligent publisher sent Dr. Seuss a book of words that he thought all children should learn as young readers. Dr. Seuss wrote his famous story The Cat in the Hat, using those words. We can see, over the decades, just how much influence his writing has had on very young children. That is why we celebrate this doctor’s birthday each March.

6. Why is the publisher in the last paragraph referred to as “intelligent?”

A. The publisher knew Dr. Seuss would be able to create a book that sold well.

B. The publisher knew how to read.

C. The publisher knew kids did not like to read.

D. The publisher knew that Dr. Seuss would be able to write a book that would get young children interested in reading.

Paragraph: On a bad day, have you ever been irritable? Have you ever used a harsh tone or even been verbally disrespectful to your parents or teachers? Everyone has a short temper from time to time, but current statistics indicate that between 16% and 20% of a school population suffer from a psychological condition known as Oppositional Defiance Disorder, or ODD.

ODD symptoms include difficulty complying with adult requests, excessive arguments with adults, temper tantrums, difficulty accepting responsibility for actions, low frustration tolerance, and behaviors intended to annoy or upset adults. Parents of children with ODD can often feel as though their whole relationship is based on conflict after conflict.

Unfortunately, ODD can be caused by a number of factors. Some students affected by ODD suffer abuse, neglect, and severe or unpredictable discipline at home. Others have parents with mood disorders or have experienced family violence. Various types of therapy are helpful in treating ODD, and some drugs can treat particular symptoms. However, no single cure exists.

The best advice from professionals is directed toward parents. Therapists encourage parents to avoid situations that usually end in power struggles, to try not to feed into oppositional behavior by reacting emotionally, to praise positive behaviors, and to discourage negative behaviors with timeouts instead of harsh discipline.

7. As used in this passage, the phrase feeds into most nearly means:

A. Abuse

B. Discourage

C. Encourage

D. Ignore

Paragraph: Lyme disease is caused by ticks. More specifically, Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia bacteria, which are carried by ticks. When ticks infected with this bacteria bite humans, the bacteria can be transmitted into the bloodstream, causing an illness known as Lyme disease.

The symptoms of Lyme disease include fever, headache, fatigue, and joint and muscle pain. One of the most noticeable signs is a rash that looks like a series of red rings radiating out from the bite. This usually appears a week after the tick bite. However, not everyone with Lyme disease gets this rash.

The good news is that Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics. Most people recover quickly and fully. However, if Lyme disease is not treated properly, patients can suffer from debilitating symptoms weeks, months, and even years after the bite. This condition is known as post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD) or chronic Lyme disease (CLD).

To protect yourself from Lyme disease, always cover your skin with clothing or insect repellent when hiking or camping. If you get bitten by a tick, remove the tick right away; most cases of Lyme disease require the tick to be attached for 36 to 48 hours. If red rings appear, see a doctor right away. 

8. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Lyme disease can be harmful, but it is preventable and treatable with early intervention.

B. Lyme disease can be life-threatening if not treated properly in the early stages.

C. Lyme disease is characterized by its symptoms, including a distinct rash and fever.

D. Lyme disease produces various symptoms, but it is preventable and can be treated in its early stages.

Paragraph: First, be sure to keep the broken ends quiet. Keep the adjacent joints still. Should these joints bend, the muscles will act against the fractured bone and cause motion. Give the victim first aid for shock. Apply a sterile dressing to the fracture if it is compound. Do not try to push back a protruding bone. When you are splinting the fractured area, the end will slip back when the limb is straightened. An ice bag should be used with all fractures, sprains, and dislocations. A simple method of preventing the movement of the fragments is to place the limb on pillows. Splints may also be used to keep the limb from moving. Breaks of the ribs or skull bone need no splints as they are held fast by other bones and tissue.

9. A break that needs no splint is one in the…

A. Arm.

B. Foot.

C. Leg.

D. Ribs.

Paragraph: Alfalfa thrives on land which contains lime, and gives poor results when this ingredient is deficient. The explanation is simple: there is a community of interest between the very low microscopic animal life, known as bacteria, and plant life, generally. In every ounce of soil, there are millions of these living germs which have their allotted work to do, and they thrive best in soils containing lime. If one digs up a root of alfalfa (it need not be an old plant, the youngest plant will show the same peculiarity), and care is taken in exposing the root (perhaps the best method is the washing away of the surrounding earth by water), some small nodules attached to the fine, hair-like roots are easily distinguished with the naked eye. These nodules are the home of a teeming, microscopic, industrious population, who perform their allotted work with the silent, persistent energy so often displayed in nature.

10. Which of the following is an accurate paraphrasing of the underlined phrase?

A. Bacteria and alfalfa plants have a symbiotic relationship.

B. Bacteria in alfalfa is worth studying.

C. Many people are intrigued by the relationship between bacteria and plant life.

D. The gardening community is very invested in the bacteria found in alfalfa.

Answers and Explanations

1. D

To support the reasoning behind immediate tick removal

In paragraph 4, the author states that removing a tick as soon as possible is a protective measure against Lyme disease. Therefore, the author includes the detail “most cases of Lyme disease require the tick to be attached for 36 to 48 hours” in order to support the reasoning behind immediate tick removal.

To inform the reader regarding the cause of Lyme disease is incorrect. Although Lyme disease is caused by ticks, the detail does not offer support to the cause of Lyme disease. Therefore, To inform the reader regarding the cause of Lyme disease is incorrect.

The supporting detail “most cases of Lyme disease require the tick to be attached for 36 to 48 hours” does not contradict or mention the severity of Lyme disease. To offer an example of quick recovery from the disease is incorrect. The detail does not have a direct correlation between recovery time, nor does it relate to the rate at which one recovers.

2. C

The last line of the second paragraph states, “Reportedly the W.H.O. wants to destroy all vaccines, however, some scientists at the C.D.C. feel the destruction could do more harm than good.” While smallpox is both an old and deadly disease, these factors are not mentioned in the second paragraph of the article.

3. C

Douglass’ resisting Covey’s beating is described in the third paragraph. The next (fourth) paragraph describes his escape from slavery and then taking a new name to symbolize his new freedom in 1838. The introduction describes his addressing an anti-slavery meeting in 1841. The ensuing paragraphs flashback to a brief biography.

4. C

The issue of what to do with the remaining smallpox vaccines is brought up several times in the article. In the second paragraph, it states, “Because the disease is considered eradicated, the issue of what to do with the remaining government-held vaccines has been an issue of debate.” In the conclusion, the article again mentions, “The question remains: do we run the risk of bioterrorism by continuing to store several hundred smallpox vaccinations or do we destroy the vaccine and pray that there is no outbreak of the deadly virus?” The other options are either not mentioned or are untrue.

5. B

Sending messages to the brain regarding the flavor of food.

In paragraph 1, the passage states that taste buds send messages to the brain regarding the basic flavors of food.

Giving information about the texture of food is incorrect. Receptors, not taste buds, are responsible for giving information regarding texture, as noted in paragraph 2.

Transmitting information about the smell of food is incorrect. Receptors, not taste buds, are responsible for giving information regarding the smell of food, as noted in paragraph 2.

Understanding whether or not something is spicy is incorrect. The spiciness and overall flavor of food are conveyed through receptors, as noted in paragraph 2.

6. D

Choice The publisher knew how to read is incorrect because we can assume that all book publishers must know how to read. Choice The publisher knew kids did not like to read is incorrect because it says in the article that more than one publisher was concerned about whether children liked to read. The last choice is incorrect because there is no mention in the article about how well The Cat in the Hat sold when it was first published.

7. C

Feed into in this sentence means to encourage oppositional behavior.

8. D

If caught in the early stages, Lyme disease is an easily treatable illness. The statement Lyme disease produces various symptoms, but it is preventable and can be treated in its early stages includes main points from the text regarding its symptoms, prevention, and treatment.

While the statement If caught in the early stages, Lyme disease is an easily treatable illness is true and included in the text, it is a supporting detail and not the main idea.

The statement Lyme disease is characterized by its symptoms, including a distinct rash and fever describes a supporting detail regarding the symptoms of the disease.

The statement Lyme disease can be life-threatening if not treated properly in the early stages is incorrect because the text does not describe the disease as life-threatening.

9. D

Of the choices offered, only rib fractures are identified in the article as needing no splints. Skull fractures, not a choice here, are also identified as not needing splinting. Fractures that should be splinted include breaks of an arm, foot, leg

10. A

This question asks you to choose the sentence that has the closest meaning to the underlined phrase. Paraphrase the underlined portion in your own words, and then select the answer choice that best fits. “A community of interest” indicates that bacteria and alfalfa plants work together. This type of relationship can be described as symbiotic.

 

HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test

This is a sample of the HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology practice test. Let's check it to know the test format for this section!

You are required to pass the HESI A2 exam if you want to study at a nursing school. This test aims to evaluate your scholastic aptitude for nursing programs and measures your overall general education. Although the test is not really hard, you won’t pass it without being well-prepared for the exam. The Hesi A2 exam covers lots of topics, and Anatomy and Physiology is one of them.

This is a sample of the HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology practice test. Let’s check it to know the test format for this section! Answer the questions and then scroll down to check the answers and explanations. 

To take more questions or practice for other sections of the HESI exam, visit our free HESI practice test website now!

HESI A2 Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test Questions

1.The orthopedic surgeon informs you that you have broken the end of your femur. What area is she describing?

A. Bone matrix

B. Diaphysis

C. Epiphysis

D. Shaft

2. All except which of the following is located superior to the maxilla bone?

A. Frontal bone

B. Mandible

C. Nasal bone

D. Zygomatic bone

3. Which of the following is NOT a function of the digestive tract?

A. To perform gas exchange.

B. To remove waste from the body.

C. To use enzymes to break down food.

D. To use peristalsis to move food along.

4. Moving the arm toward the body would be described as a _______ movement, rather than a ______ movement.

A. anterior, superior.

B. distal, proximal.

C. proximal, anterior.

D. proximal, distal.

5. The endocrine system assists what other body system in homeostasis and plays important roles in growth and sexual maturation?

A. Cardiovascular system

B. Integumentary system

C. Nervous system

D. Reproductive system

6. The hormone ____ assists estrogen in stimulating the formation of the endometrium.

A. luteinizing hormone

B. oxytocin

C. progesterone

D. testosterone

7. The axial skeleton consists of how many bones in the vertebral column?

A. 24

B. 26

C. 28

D. 30

8. The femur, tibia, fibula, tarsals, and metatarsals are bones that comprise which of the following?

A. Bony pelvis

B. Lower extremity

C. Pelvic girdle

D. Upper extremity

9. Estrogen serves what primary function in the female reproductive system?

A. It causes fertilization.

B. It initiates the preparation of the endometrium for pregnancy.

C. It triggers the production of breast milk.

D. It triggers the release of the egg from the ovary.

10. Vitamin K is created in the:

A. Intestinal tract.

B. Liver.

C. Lungs.

D. Pancreas.

Answers & Explanations

1. C

The epiphysis is on each end of long bones like the femur.

2. B

The mandible is the facial bone that is located inferior to (below) the maxillofacial bone. The frontal bone, nasal bone, and zygomatic bone are all superior (above) to the maxilla bone.

3. A

The digestive tract performs all of the above functions except for performing a gas exchange, which is a function of the respiratory system.

4. D

This movement is described as a proximal movement, rather than the opposite, which is distal. Proximal can be thought of as ‘proximity’ and distal can be thought of as ‘distant’ to help remember their meanings.

5. C

The endocrine system assists the nervous system in homeostasis and plays important role in the growth and sexual maturation

6. C

Progesterone is a hormone produced by the ovaries and is responsible for maintaining the uterine lining, or endometrium.

Oxytocin is a hormone that is involved with the processes of childbirth and milk production and is released by the pituitary gland.

Luteinizing hormone is also an important hormone for the female reproductive system; however, it is not involved with the formation or maintenance of the endometrium. Instead, it stimulates ovulation along with estrogen. It is also not produced by the reproductive organs but by the pituitary gland in the brain.

Testosterone is the primary male reproductive hormone, however, it is produced in smaller amounts by the ovaries in women. The role of testosterone in women is to regulate libido, body composition, and muscular strength.

7. D

The axial skeleton has 30 bones of the vertebral column. There are 7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, 5 sacral vertebrae, and the coccygeal vertebrae.

8. B

The bones of the lower extremity include the femur, the tibia and fibula, the tarsals, metatarsals, and the phalanges.

9.B

Estrogen serves to thicken the endometrium in preparation for pregnancy, in addition to other functions. Progesterone also plays a role in endometrium development, counterbalancing the effects of estrogen.

10. A

The intestinal tract contains bacteria that synthesize vitamin K that can be used throughout our body.

Hesi A2 Grammar Practice Test

This a sample of the HESI A2 Grammar Practice Test with 10 sample questions. Answer the questions and then scroll down to check the answers and explanations.

You are required to pass the HESI A2 exam if you want to study at a nursing school. This test aims to evaluate your scholastic aptitude for nursing programs and measures your overall general education. It covers a total of 10 different topics, and the Hesi A2 Grammar test is one of them.

The Hesi A2 grammar test contains basic grammar such as important terms and their uses in grammar, parts of speech, and commonly occurring grammatical errors. Although the test is not really hard, you won’t pass it without being well-prepared for the exam.

Below is a sample of the HESI A2 Grammar Practice Test with 10 sample questions. Answer the questions and then scroll down to check the answers and explanations. 

To get more free practice questions or practice for other HESI sections, visit our HESI practice test website now!

10 Hesi A2 Grammar Practice Questions

1.Which word from the following sentence is a noun?

The real Ichabod Crane was a military officer who met Washington Irving in 1814 at Fort Pike.

A. Pike

B. met

C. was

D. who

2. Neither of the flower bouquets ____ as full as the one we ordered last year.

A. are

B. being

C. is

D. were

3. Which of the following sentences is grammatically incorrect?

A. I work at the hospital but my boyfriend works at the clinic.

B. I work at the hospital – my boyfriend works at the clinic.

C. I work at the hospital, but my boyfriend works at the clinic.

D. I work at the hospital; my boyfriend works at the clinic.

4. Identify the subject of the following sentence:

“Walking through the lovely garden outside the children’s wing of the clinic relaxes me on a stressful day.”

A. Children’s wing

B. Garden

C. Me

D. Walking

5. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT:

A. After my car was tuned up, it ran better than before.

B. I grew more and more excited as the game continued.

C. The show was the most boring I can remember.

D. Today was the best day I’ve had at work for a while!

6. Which of the following sentences uses the complex sentence structure correctly?

A. Alec switched off the light, so the patient could better see the TV.

B. Alice agreed to swap shifts with Ann who needed to take her son to the doctor

C. Tomorrow is Sunday; therefore, there will be no physical therapy session.

D. We walked to the market then rode the bus to the park for a picnic.

7. What word is best to substitute for the underlined words in the following sentence?

“The man sat in the car waiting for the traffic light to turn green.”

A. He

B. Him

C. His

D. They

8. Which of the following sentences uses the verb “lie,” meaning “to lie down or rest” correctly:

A. Angie is laying on the sofa in the lounge.

B. Jesse was so tired he laid down to rest before leaving for the clinic.

C. The physician’s assistant laid the patient’s chart on the counter.

D. The rehab center has several cats that are always lying in the sun.

9. Identify the verb in the following sentence: When stressed, I enjoy walking in a beautiful place.

A. Enjoy

B. Place

C. Stressed

D. Walking

10. Which of these sentences is grammatically correct?

A. One of my best friends is getting married next weak.

B. One of my best friends is getting married next week.

C. One of my best friends is getting married next week.

D. One of my best friends is getting married next week.

Answers and Explanations

1. A

The word “Pike” is a noun since it is a place. The words “was” and “met” are verbs. The word “who” is a pronoun.

2. C

The verb in a “neither/nor” sentence agrees with the noun or pronoun closest to it. However, since “nor” is missing from this sentence, that makes “neither” the subject. It is singular and should take the singular verb “is.”

3. A

Answer: I work at the hospital but my boyfriend works at the clinic.

“I work at the hospital but my boyfriend works at the clinic” is grammatically incorrect because it is a run-on sentence.

Run-on sentences are when two or more complete sentences are written as one sentence. Run-on sentences can be fixed by adding a dash (–), a semicolon (;), or a colon (:) between the two sentences. You could also add coordinating conjunction with a comma (, but) or make them two separate sentences with a period (.)

These would be correct:

I work at the hospital – my boyfriend works at the clinic.

I work at the hospital; my boyfriend works at the clinic.

I work at the hospital: my boyfriend works at the clinic.

I work at the hospital, but my boyfriend works at the clinic.

I work at the hospital. My boyfriend works at the clinic.

4. D

Walking is the noun that controls the verb “relaxes”

5. A

This sentence makes the mistake of using “more” with an already superlative term.

6. B

There an independent clause joined by the relative pronoun who to a dependent clause creates a complex sentence.

7. A

 “The man” is singular, so the pronoun must be singular. It is also the subject in the sentence, so the pronoun must be in the subjective case.

“He” is singular and in the subjective case, so it is the correct answer.

“Him” is singular, but it is in the objective case.

“His” is singular but is a possessive pronoun.

“they” are in the subjective case, but it is plural.

8. D

This is the only choice that uses the verb “lie” correctly.

9. A

Here, walking is a noun; stressed is an adjective; the place is a noun. The verb is enjoyed.

10. C

Only this sentence has a correct subject-verb agreement, correct punctuation, and the right word choice.

Hope that the above questions help you get a closer understanding of the format of HESI Grammar Test questions. Take thousands of free HESI practice questions HERE!

HESI Math Review – The Absolute Most Important Topics

HESI Math Review - Six important and necessary topics, that if you know them well enough, will make all the difference in your exam.

The Hesi A2 math section has 6 key topics to pass. Six important and necessary topics, that if you know them well enough, will make all the difference in your exam. These 6 areas of knowledge are integral for anyone looking to successfully pass the Hesi A2 Math Section. After finish this HESI Math review, you can immediately check your Math knowledge with our free HESI practice test. Let’s start!

Fractions

The first topic this HESI Math Review reminds you of is fractions.

A number that results from dividing one whole number by another is called a fraction. It consists of two parts: numerators and denominators. For instance, a quarter is written as 1/4 where 1 is the numerator and 4 is the denominator. Please note that zero is never placed as the denominator.

Fractions can be mixed, like, unlike, or equivalent.

Number line

Fractions have many aspects such as like, unlike, improper, mixed, equivalence, value, and conversion to decimals. In order to learn these aspects, we will construct a number line.

Example: Place the following numbers on a line from smallest to largest:

1⁄4, 1⁄2, 2⁄4, 4⁄2, .3, 1 2⁄4

In the above example, we can see that:

  • 1⁄4 has a smaller value than .3 which can be converted to 1⁄3 in its fraction form
  • 1⁄2 and 2⁄4 are equivalent
  • 1 2⁄4 is a mixed fraction and has a value greater than 1. It can be rewritten as 6⁄4 or 3⁄2 or 1.5. 6⁄4 is the improper version of this fraction.
  • 1⁄4 and 2⁄4 are like
  • 2⁄4 and 4⁄2 are unlike

Adding & Subtracting

  • For like fractions: To add or subtract them, we just simply add or subtract the numerators while keeping the same denominators.

Example: 1⁄4 + 1⁄4 = 2⁄4 which is simplified to 1⁄2 by dividing the numerator and denominator by 2.

  • For unlike fractions: Firstly, you need to convert the fractions to equivalent fractions of the same denominators. Secondly, add or subtract the numerators while keeping the same denominator.

Example: 1⁄2 + 1⁄3 = 3⁄6 + 2⁄6 = 5⁄6

  • For mixed fractions: Firstly, you need to convert them to improper. Secondly, you may simply add the numerators if they are like. In case they are unlike, converting them to equivalent fractions before add or subtract them.

Example: 2 1⁄8 + 3 1⁄6 = 17⁄8 + 19⁄6 = 102⁄48 + 152⁄48 = 254⁄48 which is simplified to 127⁄24 or 5 7⁄24

Multiplication & Division

  • For simple fractions: 
  • To multiple them, you do not need to have like denominators. You simply multiple the numerators and multiple the denominators.

Example:  1⁄2 x 1⁄4 = 1⁄8

  • To divide them: flip the divisor and then multiple across. 

Example:  1⁄4 ÷ 1⁄2 should be rewritten as 1⁄4 x 2⁄1 = 2⁄4 or 1⁄2

  • For mixed fractions: You must convert to improper fractions and then follow the above rules.

 

hesi math review

Decimal

A decimal also represents part of a whole like a fraction. However, a decimal probably has an integer in front of it. For example, 1.5 has an integer of 1 and a decimal of .5 and .5 may be thought of as ½.

Decimals have positions, which are varied by 10. For instance, 74.289 has five positions:

  • Tens: 7
  • Ones: 4
  • Tenths: 2
  • Hundredths: 8
  • Thousandths: 9

To convert a decimal to a fraction, place the decimal number over its place value. 

For example 1.25

  • Ones: 1
  • Tenths: 2
  • Hundredths: 5

Rewrite as 1 + 2⁄10 + 5⁄100

Rewrite with a common denominator: 100⁄100 + 20⁄100 + 5⁄100 = 125⁄100

To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator. If required, you can use a calculator to do this. This will give us our answer as a decimal.

Examples:

  • ⁴/₅ as a decimal is 4 ÷ 5 = 0.8
  • ⁷⁵/₁₀₀ as a decimal is 75 ÷100 = 0.75
  • ³/₆ as a decimal is 3 ÷ 6 = 0.5

Ratios

The relationship between two numbers that compare their quantities is called a ratio. The ratio of two terms “a” and “b” can be written as a:b, or “a is to b.”

For the terms of the same unit: You can compare by dividing

Example: Andrea has 40 pens and David has 20. By dividing each quantity by 20, we get a ratio of 2:1 describing Andrea’s pencils in comparison to David’s.

For the terms of different units: Before comparison, you must convert to the same units

Example: A football field is 200 yards, while a basketball court is 100 ft. When both are converted to feet, we can see that the ratio is 600ft:100ft which is simplified to a size of 6:1.

In some cases, the ratio is known and the terms are unknown

Example: Maria received a bouquet of three-dozen red and white roses for her birthday. The ratio of red to white roses was 3:1. How many red and how many white roses did she receive?

First, we must add the terms: 3 + 1 = 4. Then, we divide the total number of flowers by that: 36: 4 = 9. Then we multiply each term by that. Red: 3 x 9 = 27. White: 1 x 9 = 9. 

It is called a proportion when the ratio is set equal to other ratios. It is denoted by a:b::c:d, meaning the ratio of a & b is equal to the ratio of c & d. Usually, while the 3 terms are known, one of the terms is unknown. We just need to cross multiply the numerators and then solve.

Example: The patient’s weight has dropped 1.5 pounds over the last 4 days. If the rate of weight loss remains the same, how much more weight will be lost in the next 15 days?

1.5/4 = x/15 is solved to show that x = 5.625

Percentages

A ratio of a:b where b is always 100 is called a percentage.

For example, 60% is 60/100

The following are some of the uses of percentages

  • In proportions: 

Example: HPV was contracted at a 54.2% rate among adults 18-59 years of age. How many students in a university of 35,000 are expected to have had HPV?

54,2/100 = x/35,000 is solved to show that x = 18,970 people

  • In calculations:

Example: To prepare 1000mL of normal saline, a .9% NaCl, concentration is necessary: .9100 x 1000 shows that 9 grams of NaCl are required.

Simple Algebra

Algebra is a branch of mathematics dealing with symbols and the rules for manipulating those symbols. In these equations, we set the left-hand side equal to the right-hand side: LHS = RHS

Addition Law

The equation is still equal “A = B” if we add the same number to the LHS & RHS.

Example: Add c to both sides: A + c = B + c

Multiplication Law

The equation is still equal “A = B” if we multiply the LHS & RHS by the same number.

Example: Multiply by m: mA = mB

In algebra, we combine these laws to solve equations by:

  1. On  the side of equality (LHS), just let x
  2. On the other side of the equality (RHS), put the value 

Plugging in the answer choices for the variable and see if they make the equation true on multiple-choice exams is a trick to solving the equation. 

Example: What is the value of x for the equation 3(x-5)=3?

  1. a) 2 -> 3(2-5)≠3
  2. b) 3 -> 3(3-5)≠3
  3. c) 4 -> 3(4-5)≠3
  4. d) 6 -> 3(6-5)=3

The correct answer is d)

Metric system

The last topic in this HESI Math Review is the Metric system.

A standardized method of measuring weight, length, time, and mass is the metric system. 

  • For length, the meter (m) is used. 1m = 1.094yd, 3.281 ft, and 39.37 inches.
  • For mass, the gram (g) is used. 1g = .002 pounds
  • For volume, the liter (l) is used. 1l = 33.81oz
  • For temperature, Celsius (° C) is used. 1° C = 33.8F

The metric systems account for 12% of the HESI A2 math exam because it is an important part of science. Therefore, it’s necessary for you to have a deep knowledge of the metric systems. 

Knowing that each unit moves by a base of 10 is the key to understanding the metric system. For instance, study the table of grams below to see that each value is reduced 10-fold when moving from larger to smaller.

 

Kilogram 

Hectogram

Dekagram

Gram

Decigram

Centigram

Milligram

1000

100

10

1

.1

.01

.001

It is a must for you to know how to convert within the metric system.

Example: Convert 24, 68g to kg = .02468kg

You will also need to know how to convert from US Standard to the metric system.

Example: Given that 1m = .000621 mile, how many miles are in 45km?

First, solve that 1km = .621 mile by moving the decimal 3 places to the right (you may think of this as multiplying by 1000) as you move from meter to km. Next, multiply 45 x .621 to solve the equation = 27.945mi

In conclusion, to pass the Hesi A2 math exam, you must know how to solve the six topics in the above HESI Math review post. Remember to practice it before going to the Hesi A2 Math exam, it will help you become more familiar with these topics and can easily pass them.

Jose Vasquez – A pasemall success story of EMT Exam Prep User

“Excellent resource to prep for the NREMT. I'm using this website to figure out what I need to review from the textbook before attempting to take the exam."

Jose Vasquez: “Excellent resource to prep for the NREMT. I’m using this website to figure out what I need to review from the textbook before attempting to take the exam. It’d been very helpful for me especially since I completed my EMT course about 2 years ago and I am just now about to take my certification. I am halfway through the course and have found no issues so far. Highly recommend.”

With the experience of the person who has taken EMT courses and received a certificate, Jose Vasquez finds that our EMT Practice test is an excellent resource for learners to consider. The content in the web and app is very complete and intensive, especially it is closed from the textbook that makes the test takers get accustomed to the exam format. 

When Jose Vasquez had the chance to take the NREMT exam through Passemall, he found it – highly recommended as a helpful way to EMT test takers. He also definitely makes use of the benefits through the web. He can learn the different topics and focus on the areas that he found it’s his weakness. From that, he improved and practiced more in this. It was great to have practice in each topic. And having answer explanations was also a huge plus.

Compared to studying busily in a center and holding heavy books, the exam now is available on his devices (a cell phone or tablet and browser) so he can take it anywhere he goes. He can learn whenever he wants. It’s convenient!!

Learning and practicing him is no longer boring through the funny game. This is an effective way to learn.

When he passed the exam it was such a huge relief!!!! He said that highly recommended it and said thanks, thank you for an app that he used to prepare for this exam.” It’s a pleasure for us!!

When mentioned to Passemall’s EMT exam, the feature characteristics of the web first is to bring candidates study guides for the beginners who don’t know about the test thoroughly. The study guide has an introduction about the exam, the test’s time limit, what’s on the test, some tips and tricks, and the ways to pass the test. All of this information is fully on our web.

The second strength of the web is practice tests. There are more than 1000 questions that are divided into different categories to study. In addition, it is impossible not to mention the test part after each topic. Topic tests to review learned knowledge, as well as general tests, are available on the app. After each topic or practice test, there are explanations for why you chose that option. Moreover, users can also leave a review for the publisher if there is something wrong.

The third highlight of us is the mindmap, this is a chart that can help you check the learning and practicing route. This helps you know what you have learned and need to learn every time you use an App. In particular, the daily learning alarm will help you persevere and focus on practicing.

Last but not least, after each topic, it’s a funny mini-game for test-takers to memorize the lesson that they have learned and decrease the stress after a hard practice. 

With the aim “Happier Study, Easier Pass With Our Free Practice Questions”. We are here for your success because your success is our last goal! That’s why we have tried our best to bring you all free, friendly, and funny test prep solutions. Passemall offers exam preparation via mobile app for the EMT exam in Passemall App. The study material is available now on iOS, Android, and online browser at study https://passemall.com. Passemall’s EMT exam prep offers 1000+ practice questions spanning 5 subject areas. As always, all Passemall web is free and feature introductory content at no cost.

What Jobs Can You Get with EMT Basic?

What jobs you can get with EMT Basic? The answer is there are plenty of jobs that EMTs qualified professionals can apply for. Check it out!

What do you want to do with your life? What are your dreams and goals for the future? What career path would make you happy and fulfilled in this world? What if I told you that there is more than one way to achieve that goal of a fulfilling job. What if I told you that it doesn’t matter what college degree or professional license you hold because an EMT certification can open up many doors for jobs! In this blog post, we will explore what types of jobs are available to those who have obtained an EMT certification.

Many people often feel depressed after doing a certain job for a long time. Then they want to seek a new job, a new environment to experience and develop themself. So are EMTs, many of them want to try their hand in another field after years of working as an EMT. However, they don’t want to give up the skills they already have as EMTs, they want to use them in a different way. And then the question arises “What Jobs Can You Get with EMT Basic?” and the answer is there are plenty of jobs that EMTs qualified professionals can apply for.

The following career list is some of the best choices for them. Although these careers probably require further training and education before you can apply, they are jobs where your EMTs certification is seen as an asset, and the skills you have are extremely useful.

What Jobs Can You Get with EMT Basic?

Firefighter

In almost all areas, firefighters now have more duties than just putting out the fire. Because there is the fact that the calls firefighters run for emergency medical services account for 65% or even more of the total calls. Therefore, it is essential for firefighters to have the skills of EMTs or Paramedics. It also means that a certified EMT with a lot of experience can easily be hired as a firefighter. Though EMTs must complete some additional training courses to well perform some other roles such as fire suppression, rescue, and fire alarms as a firefighter. Sometimes, these courses are provided in the fire academy after you get hired.

Typically, if salaried, this job pays around $23 an hour or $47,500 a year.

Industrial Medic

If you want to work as Industrial Medic, you can easily get that job because an industrial medic has the same skill requirements as an EMT. You will work in massive factories where there are a lot of injuries and illnesses. The only thing you will need to have in order to work as an industrial medic is a basic EMT certification. However, you can earn more and have great career prospects if you have a Paramedic certification. Though you can still work as EMT, you only with people who work for the company. In contrast, as an industrial medic, you can work in factories or industrial areas.

Typically, if salaried, this job pays around $24 an hour or $48,000 a year.

Offshore Medic

Another job that pays higher salaries and easily seeks for it is an offshore medic. If you have a paramedic or nursing qualification, you can try this career. Though this is hard work but better compensated than most EMT work. You will work on an oil rig with often 12 hours shifts and 12 hours off and probably lasts for 3 months. Nevertheless, for every week on the rig, you can get one onshore without doing anything.

Typically, if salaried, this job pays around $33 an hour or $70,000 a year.

Emergency Dispatcher

If you wonder can you work as an emergency dispatcher or not, the answer is absolute can. The duty of the emergency dispatcher is to handle 911 calls. Then allocate the resulting work to the right people to handle the current emergency. Therefore, the biggest skill an emergency dispatcher needs to have is timely information gathering. In addition, with your experiences as an EMT, you will know exactly what kind of information you need to get.

This career is available from individuals to networked communications hubs serving all services. And, if you are hired, it usually pays around $20 an hour or $41,000 a year.

Emergency Room Technician

If you no longer want to work as an EMT outside of the hospital, you can consider working in an emergency room (ERT). The patients will come to you when you work in an ERT instead of you have to going outside to work. This is the biggest difference between an EMT and ERT. This sort of work is also available in an emergency room in the country, and your EMT certification equivalent to an ERT certificate.

Typically, if you work as an ERT, you will be paid around $31 an hour or $64,000 a year.

Contract Medic

Normally, companies only need to hire contract medics at some certain time of the year. It is when they have concert venues or cruise ships. However, you tend to be paid more when working as a contract medic comparing to the ordinary EMT. Though contract medic probably results in fewer periods of activity, it is necessary for you to keep finding additional contracts. These sorts of roles can be found in some specialist employment agencies.

Typically, if you are hired, you will be paid around $28 an hour or $59,000 a year.

Biological Technician

If you are interested in conducting laboratory tests and collecting samples, you can apply for biological technician positions. They are highly skilled research assistants who work to develop predictive models and new forms of medical action to help others as well. With an EMT certification, you can be hired to work a biological technician position as it doesn’t have any further requirements. However, you can get better chances if you have a higher degree. Some places you can work are hospitals, universities, and other research fields.

Typically, you will be paid around $24 an hour or $50,000 a year if you do this job.

Crime Lab Technician

With your EMT experiences in dealing with people and working out the risks associated with certain kinds of work as well, many crime labs really want to hire you. There, your major responsibility involves employing testing methodologies to derive evidence (or the lack thereof) for the police and other law enforcement agencies. You probably just need a degree and EMT certification to work as a crime lab technician.

Typically, if salaried, you will be paid around $38 an hour or $80,000 a year.

Health Information Technician

With an EMT certification, you can easily take a job as a health information technician who is an administrative staff member having the main duties of organizing and analyzing patient information. The demand for EMTs to work as health information technician is always high because they are familiar with the language and medical terminology. Besides, wherever medicine is being practiced, you can easily find this job. Some places you can work are clinics, surgeries, hospitals, and so on.

If you are hired, this job usually pays around $22 an hour or $48,000 a year.

Surgical Technologist

Although you need to be more qualified to become a surgical technologist, you still can do this job as it has a lot of commons with an EMT. During surgery, surgical technologists are in charge of helping the surgical team and provide basic care and administration for patients. Most of these sorts of jobs can be found in hospitals as it where surgery tends to occur.

Typically, you will be paid around $24 an hour or $50,000 a year if you are hired.

In conclusion, as you can see there are a variety of jobs you can do with an EMT certification. If you want to change of scene, do it right now because there are many opportunities open up to you. Once you do it, you will realize that you don’t give up your available EMT skills. You just are carrying out them at different locations with other people and focus.

If you are going to gain an EMT certification, let our free EMT practice test helps you easily pass the exam. 

Let’s practice now!

Chemistry Study Guide For HESI A2 Exam

This HESI A2 Chemistry study guide will discuss what the chemistry section covers as well as some helpful tips to pass it. Check it out!

Do you want to ace your HESI A2 Chemistry test? Do you need help preparing for the exam? If so, then this Chemistry Study Guide blog post is perfect for you! We will discuss what a HESI A2 Chemistry Test is and what it covers. Then we’ll give you some study tips that will help ensure you succeed on your exam!

chemistry study guide
Chemistry Study Guide

What’s on the HESI A2 Chemistry Test?

If you are thinking of applying to a nursing school, the HESI A2 Chemistry test may be coming up in the near future. Many nursing programs require all applicants to take the HESI A2 exam as part of the admissions process. The HESI A2 consists of seven major components, and schools can select which of the seven they want applicants to take. Many schools do not require applicants to take Chemistry, but many do. If you are unsure whether the school to which you are applying requires it, you should check with them.

There are 30 multiple-choice questions about chemistry though only 25 of those questions count toward your score. In most cases, you will have 25 minutes to complete the HESI Chemistry test, but schools can establish their own restrictions, so you should verify the actual allotted time with your school before taking the exam.

HESI A2 Chemistry Study Guide

Units of Measurement

While most measurements in nursing use the metric system, you may need to be able to approximate the US and/or Imperial measurements as a comparison.

Volume

Volume is usually measured in milliliters (ml) or cubic centimeters (cm3).

  • 1 ml = 0.001 liter
  • 1 ml = 1 cm3

For example: 6L = 6000 ml = 6000 cm3

For larger quantities, US gallons are used in the US, and Imperial gallons are used in the UK. Some helpful conversions are:

  • 1 Imperial gallon = ~ 1.2 US gallons
  • 1 US gallon = ~ 3.79 liters or 231 cubic inches
  • 1 Imperial gallon = ~ 4.55 liters or ~ 277.42 cubic inches
  • 1 liter = 2.11 US pints

Mass and Length

Mass is commonly measured in grams (g) or kilograms (kg), where 1 kg = 1000 g.

  • 1 kg = 2.2 pounds
  • 1 pound = 16 ounces
  • 1 stone = 14 pounds

Length is usually measured in meters (m), centimeters (cm), or millimeters (mm).

  • 1 inch = 2.54 cm
  • 1 foot = 30.5 cm
  • 1 yard = 91.44 cm
  • 1 km = 0.621 miles

States of Matter

There are four fundamental states of matter – solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Solids are characterized by closely packed particles, held together by strong intermolecular forces to form a definite shape. Heating a solid to a temperature above its melting point transforms it into a liquid. In liquids, the intermolecular forces are weaker, meaning the particles have more freedom of movement.

By heating a liquid to a temperature higher than its boiling point, it can be turned into a gas. In a gas, the particles have enough kinetic energy to pass through the intermolecular forces and can freely move. Heating a gas to high temperatures can produce plasma. This leads to the electrons in an atom separating from the nuclei and plasma can be thought of as a cloud of free electrons and positively charged ions.

Atoms

Elements are made of atoms, and atoms are made of three types of particles – negatively charged electrons, positively charged protons, and neutral neutrons.

The protons and neutrons make up the nucleus of the atom. The nucleus has a very small diameter compared to the overall size of the atom, but it is where most of the mass is concentrated. The electrons orbit the nucleus in shells and most of the volume of the atom is taken up by the free space between the nucleus and electrons. 

An element’s nuclear symbol tells you how many electrons, protons, and neutrons make up each atom.

element’s nuclear symbol - Hesi chemistry

where,

X is the element symbol.

A is the mass number, which tells you the total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.

Z is the atomic number, which is the number of protons in the nucleus.

The number of protons is equal to the number of electrons for neutral atoms. The number of neutrons is A – Z. A neutral atom of lithium represented by the nuclear symbol 73Li has three protons, three electrons, and four neutrons, which is the example of the number of protons.

Ions have unequal numbers of protons and electrons. Positive ions have more protons than electrons and negative ions have more electrons than protons.

All atoms of the same element have the same number of protons. Isotopes are atoms of the same element but with different numbers of neutrons. For example, 126C and 136C are both isotopes of carbon.

Acids and Bases

Using the pH scale, we can measure the acidity or basicity of a chemical or solution. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14 and a pH of 7 is neutral. A solution with a pH lower than 7 is classed as acidic and a solution with a pH higher than 7 is classed as basic.

Hydrochloric acid (HCl), which is part of the acid that is found in the stomach, is a very strong acid with a pH of 1. Water is neutral, with a pH of 7. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) has a pH of 9, making it a weak alkali. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a very strong alkali and when concentrated can have a pH of 14.

The pH scale is logarithmic with a base of 10. This means that each unit difference corresponds to a change of a factor of 10. pH 3 is 10 times more acidic than pH 4 and 1000 times more acidic than pH 6 is the example for the pH scale mentioned in the following.

Chemical Equations

Balanced equations should have the same number of each type of atom on both sides. You have to alter the number of molecules of one or more compounds on either side of the equation to balance equations. Balance the equation:

C2H6+O2 => CO2+2H2O

This is the first step is to work out the number of atoms on each side:

Left Right

C = 2 C = 1

H = 6 H = 4

O = 2 O = 3

The right side needs 1 more ion of C and 2 more ions of H, so we can add 1 more CO2 compound and 1 more H2O compound and the equation becomes:

C2H6+O2 => 2CO2+3H2O

Left Right

C = 2 C = 2

H = 6 H = 6

O = 2 O = 7

Because we have also added more atoms of O to the right, we now need five more atoms of O on the left to make 7 atoms in total. Add another 2.5 atoms of O2 to the left and the equation is balanced:

C2H6+3.5O2 => 2CO2+3H2O

Left Right

C = 2 C = 2

H = 6 H = 6

O = 7 O = 7

But chemical equations typically do not consist of fractional coefficients, so let’s multiply the entire equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction, 3.5:

2(C2H6)+7(O2) => 4(CO2)+6(H2O)

Chemical Reactions

Particles in liquids and gases are constantly moving and colliding with each other. Under the right conditions, these particles can react. To start a reaction, the particles need to have a minimum amount of kinetic energy, known as the activation energy. This is the amount of energy required to break the bonds within each particle.

The rate of a reaction increases as temperature increases because the particles will have more kinetic energy. This means that they will be moving faster and colliding more often and be more likely to have enough energy to break the activation barrier. Increasing concentration also develops the rate of reaction as this will raise the number of particle collisions.

Catalysts can also be added to raise the reaction rate. These work by lowering the activation energy. In this instance, platinum plays a role of a catalyst in the reaction that makes nitric acid from ammonia. Don’t forget that platinum does not appear in the equation. Because during a chemical reaction a catalyst is not consumed or changed.

NH3+O2 => HNO3

Oxidation and Reduction Reactions

Oxidation is the loss of electrons. Reduction is a gain of electrons. In redox (oxidation and reduction) reactions, oxidation and reduction occur simultaneously.

In the reaction:

2Na+Cl2 => 2Na+Cl

Sodium is oxidized as it loses an electron and chlorine is reduced because it gains an electron – sodium is the electron donor and chlorine is the electron acceptor.

Common mistakes students make while studying for this exam

  • Using the wrong book to study from
  • Not understanding that this is a cumulative test and not focusing on what has been taught in class recently. Pay close attention to the material your professor has gone over, as well as any notes you may have taken during lecture time
  • Not understanding the meaning of a word
  • Forgetting to write down what they just read
  • Ignoring the problems at hand and hoping one will solve itself
  • Studying the wrong material
  • Attempting to study too many topics at once and not focusing on one specific subject area or topic  – Studying the wrong material
  • Attempting to study too many topics at once and not focusing on one specific subject area or topic.

How to study for the HESI A2 Chemistry test?

  • Read your HESI A2 chemistry book (or any other equivalent resource) and take notes
  • Make sure to understand examples in the text by reviewing them, asking questions about difficult concepts, and looking up definitions of words you don’t know
  • Watch YouTube videos that are related to chemistry or watch a lecture on the topic
  • Take good notes in class so that they can be your study guide for tests
  • Study with friends! Mimicking each other’s answers is an effective way to learn new material

Tips on how to succeed on the HESI A2 chemistry exam

In this chemistry study guide, we recommend you these useful tips to pass the exam:              

  • Always have a study plan and stick to it! For example, you might want to do one chapter each day for three days before your test. Make sure that there is time in between studying sessions where you rest so that you can absorb new information more effectively.
  • Take the exams in a testing environment. You might not be used to taking tests in your regular classroom, but practicing on test day is important because it may feel more like you’re taking an actual exam
  • Set up realistic expectations for what kind of grades you will get and make sure that you are reaching out to your professor if you have any questions
  • Read the instructions carefully. Be sure that you are answering multiple-choice and true/false questions correctly because they count for more points and could be harder to figure out if you get them wrong
  • Get plenty of sleep! This seems like a no brainer, but it’s easy to forget when you’re cramming the night before your test
  • Don’t let yourself get too hungry or thirsty. You need to have a clear head in order to answer questions and you’ll be more likely to choke on difficult words if you’re thinking about food!            
  • Make sure that there is enough time for everything, but don’t go overboard. You don’t want to spend too much time on any one question and get stuck there.
  • If possible, study with a group of friends or classmates. You’ll have more fun studying if you’re able to hang out and laugh while taking breaks!
  • Get your thoughts down on paper before the test so that it’s easier for you to organize them. This will make it feel more like you’re doing a study guide and less stressful overall    
  • Don’t let yourself get too high or low based on how well you did the first time through an exam or quiz! You should take breaks to refresh your mind by playing games, reading articles, listening to music, etc. 
  • Review your notes after you’ve taken a break and make sure that there are no gaps in your knowledge!     
  • If you know the answer to a question but can’t remember it, try using an acronym or mnemonic device. You may need to look things up if these devices don’t work for you. Use whatever works for you! This will help the information stick in your memory     
  • If you’re taking a break from studying, try closing out all other windows and apps so that they don’t distract you. Also, turn off notifications on your phone or computer while doing this to avoid distractions
  • Don’t get frustrated if what feels like an obvious answer to a question eludes you. You can always try another method of studying, do some research online, or ask your peers for help.

Hesi A2 Chemistry Practice Test Resource

Where can you find Hesi A2 Materials and Test Resources? We highly recommend that you use our online HESI practice test and HESI A2 study guide with complete guidance and practice tests with explanations, and short assessments to measure your understanding. It can help you prepare for exam day by giving you a strong math foundation. Moreover, thousands of practice questions are divided into specific categories (exam topics) to let you get a deeper understanding.

Let’s practice now!

NREMT Skills Sheets

The NREMT Skills Sheets are a must-have for NREMT candidates to successfully pass the NREM examination. Get it for free now!

NREMT Skills Sheets are a must-have for NREMT candidates preparing to take the NREMT exam. This NREMT study guide covers all of the NREMT practical skills and knowledge necessary to successfully pass the NREM examination. Besides, you can combine these documents with our free EMT practice test to be completely prepared for your coming big day!

Firstly, you must pass both the cognitive exam and the psychomotor exam to qualify and get your EMS national certification. Because you must present the same information across the board, so remember to contact your course instructor to walk you through the steps of scheduling your exam before taking your practical exam. The National Registry does not administer the psychomotor exam. This exam is administered by your State EMS Office, so it varies between states how and where you will test.

Secondly, you must be acknowledged that you have completed your program and had comprehensive psychomotor knowledge from your program director before you sign up for the exam for advanced levels of the practical exam, AEMT and Paramedic. In addition, you must obtain a PATT letter (Psychomotor Authorization to Test) and remember to maintain your PATT number, and bring a copy of the letter to the exam.

The following PDF documents give a comprehensive checklist of each skill presented, they are taken from the National Registry website. Please remember that “the State EMS Office or training institution may use different forms and the following performance lists are just a guide for the verification of required skills.” You can find out more information on the NREMT website.

EMR Skills Sheets

  1. Patient Assessment/Management – Trauma (Download PDF)
  2. Patient Assessment/Management – Medical (Download PDF)
  3. Oxygen Administration by Non-Rebreather Mask (Download PDF)
  4. Cardiac Arrest Management/AED (Download PDF)
  5. BVM Ventilation of an Apneic Adult Patient (Download PDF)

EMT Skills Sheets

  1. Patient Assessment/Management – Trauma (Download PDF)
  2. Patient Assessment/Management – Medical (Download PDF)
  3. Oxygen Administration by Non-Rebreather Mask (Download PDF)
  4. Spinal Immobilization (Seated Patient) (Download PDF)
  5. BVM Ventilation of an Apneic Adult Patient (Download PDF)
  6. Spinal Immobilization (Supine Patient) (Download PDF)
  7. Cardiac Arrest Management/AED (Download PDF)
  8. Bleeding Control/Shock Management (Download PDF)
  9. Joint Immobilization (Download PDF)
  10. Long Bone Immobilization (Download PDF)

AEMT Skills Sheets

  1. Patient Assessment – Trauma (Download PDF)
  2. Patient Assessment – Medical (Download PDF)
  3. Supraglottic Airway Device (Download PDF)
  4. Pediatric Respiratory Compromise (Download PDF)
  5. Cardiac Arrest Management (Download PDF)
  6. Intravenous Therapy – Bolus (Download PDF)
  7. Pediatric Intraosseous Infusion (Download PDF)
  8. Spinal Immobilization – Supine (Download PDF)
  9. Spinal Immobilization Seated Patient (Download PDF)
  10. Long Bone Immobilization (Download PDF)
  11. Joint Immobilization (Download PDF)
  12. Bleeding Control Shock Management (Download PDF)

Paramedic

  1. Patient Assessment – Trauma (Download PDF)
  2. Dynamic Cardiology (Download PDF)
  3. Static Cardiology (Download PDF)
  4. Oral Station (Download PDF)
  5. Oral Stations Template (Download PDF)
  6. Oral Station Sample Scenario (Download PDF)
  7. Integrated Out-of-Hospital Scenario (Download PDF)

Hope that these NREMT Skills Sheets help you easily reach your final goals!

HESI Biology Study Guide

Are you gearing up to take the hesi biology test? We'll go into detail about what the Biology exam entails and some tips to study for it.

Are you gearing up to take the HESI A2 Biology test? If so, then this blog post is for you! We’ll go into detail about what the exam entails, how to study for it, and what some helpful tips are.

HESI A2 Biology Review

There are 30 questions on the exam and we recommend that the time limit for the Biology test is 25 minutes. Most schools will, but there is a possibility that your school may establish a different time limit, so before exam day, be sure to check it. All information that you need is on the nursing school’s website.

What’s on the HESI A2 Biology Test?

hesi biology
HESI Biology Study Guide

To do well on the Biology section of the HESI exam, There are some main concepts that need to know:

Classification of Organisms

Living things are classified by a system developed by Carl Linnaeus. Organisms are often named by the binomial system of genus and species. 

The classification of species allows the subdivision of living organisms into smaller and more specialized groups.

Kingdoms

The first division of living things in the classification system is to put them into one of five kingdoms. They are: 

  • animals (all multicellular animals)
  • plants (all green plants)
  • fungi (molds, mushrooms, yeast)
  • protists (Amoeba, Chlorella, and Plasmodium)
  • prokaryotes (bacteria, blue-green algae)

Further divisions

We can rank the living things according to:

  • phylum
  • class
  • order
  • family
  • genus
  • species

The kingdom is broken into Phylum that has many different organisms. For examples:

  • Chordata, which have backbones
  • Arthropod, which has jointed legs and an exoskeleton
  • Annelids, which are segmented worms

The class follows Phylum. For example, class results in the Chordata phylum being divided into:

  • Mammals
  • Birds
  • Amphibians
  • Fish
  • Reptiles

The order follows class and as an example, mammals can be further subdivided into a variety of different groups such as:

  • Carnivores
  • Primates

The Family follows the order. Here are some examples of which carnivores can be split into:

  • Canidae – dogs
  • Felidae – cats

Genus, the Felidae family can be further divided into 4 genus examples:

  • Acinonyx – cheetah
  • Panthera – lion and tiger
  • Neofelis – clouded leopard
  • Felis – domestic cats

Species is the final classification stage. The genus Panthera includes:

  • Panthera leo (lion)
  • Panthera tigris (tiger)

As an example, the complete breakdown of the classification of lions:

  • kingdom – animal
  • phylum – vertebrate
  • class – mammal
  • order – carnivorous
  • family – cat
  • genus – big cat
  • species – lion

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method is a method of devising and performing experiments that yield meaningful results. It includes a procedural approach to collecting information about the physical world that starts with a formulated question and ends with the rejection of a hypothesis and the reevaluation of the experiment.

We can summarize The Scientific Method as the following:

Question – A curiosity about a phenomenon increases and, in response, a question is formulated. Early thinkers looked at the sky and wondered why it was blue or looked at the grass and wondered why it was green.

Research – After formulating a question, a scientist looks for any relevant research or data already discovered and provided for the phenomenon in question. This is useful in giving some direction in how to build or approach the question.

Hypothesis – The scientist then created a hypothesis, or an educated guess, as to what could be causing the phenomenon. This step is useful in narrowing down the possible options or experimentation.

Experiment – Using available measuring tools and technology, to provide valuable data for the scientist to investigate, an experiment is designed.

Evaluation – The data will then be analyzed and assessed for its validity. Do the observations made support the hypothesis, or do they support a different hypothesis?

Conclusion – In the end, the scientist will determine if the hypothesis is confirmed, in which case other scientists will then recreate the same experiment to identify that the results hold true at a different time or place not using the different methods. The scientist may select to change some of the experimental methods or devise a new hypothesis if the hypothesis is not confirmed.

In summary, the Scientific Method provides a methodical method for investigating experiments, data, and drawing conclusions. It is worthwhile to see that developments in scientific research do not increase from haphazard guessing and checking, but rather through logical design and reasoning. Even a basic familiarity with the method will prove useful while making sense of scientific experiments.

Cells, Tissues, and Organs

The most fundamental unit of life is the cell. Organisms that exist as a single cell, like bacterium, are called prokaryotes and those that are multicellular, like humans, are called eukaryotes. The main difference between these two groups is that eukaryotes possess a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles when prokaryotes do not.

Starting with the knowledge of the cell, its form, and function, we can begin to make sense of how life operates, and what cellular features enable this operation. Learning the components of the cell is not a difficult task, but it can be tedious.

One great way to learn about cells is to complement lists of cellular components/features with drawings of cells – this is particularly useful for eukaryotic cells and their organelles. Accompany these drawings with the name of the cell “part” and what its function or purpose is. For instance, the nucleus houses genetic information and instructions for cellular operations; the mitochondrion helps generate ATP to provide energy for the cell… In studying the differences between plant, animal, and bacterial cells, a mini whiteboard can be a huge asset. Repeatedly diagramming the elements of the various cell types and their parts (noting similarities and differences) will cause long-term retention.

When a group of cells functions together to accomplish tasks, they are operating as tissue. Due to the differences at the cellular level, plants and animals organize into different types of tissue. Plants possess meristematic tissues, which enable them to increase in size, and permanent tissues, which enable them to maintain their form.

Animals possess connective, epithelial, muscle, and nervous tissues. As the tissues in plants, these groups serve different functions and have different forms. Connective tissues provide structure to organisms. Epithelial tissues are those found where cells line and cover organs. Muscle tissue allows animals to move, and nervous tissue enables animals to send and receive signals to its different parts.

Just as cells combine to form tissues, tissues combine to form organs. Humans possess an extensive list of organs that all serve a particular function: some help digest food to provide energy, while others help circulate air and blood. And, like tissues, organs act collaboratively to form organ systems.

The same approach of studying the cells and their functions can be applied to tissues, organs, and then organ systems. It is most important to generate your own diagrams when learning the form and function of these different systems. It is easy to believe that one has a solid grasp of these things when reading from a book or even a page of notes; however, this is much different from being able to work from the ground up in describing the composition of organisms. Condense lists of organismal features into its basic parts, and work through repeatedly processing this information with the aid of a whiteboard and note cards.

Genetics and Heredity

Heredity is the passing on of genetic traits from one generation to the next; it is the reason that children resemble parents, and why humans give birth to other humans. Genetics is the study of the principles underlying heredity.

Workable knowledge of genetics is impossible without becoming familiar with DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). This familiarity entails its composition [knowing that guanine, cytosine, adenine, and thymine (also known as GCAT) are its nucleotides, knowing how they pair, and knowing that its strands run antiparallel, among other features], as well as its function (to house and maintain the instructions for a cell’s operations).

An understanding of “the central dogma” of molecular biology, which states that genetic information flows from DNA to RNA to proteins, can serve as a great outline for how gene transfer takes place. Before moving on to transcription and translation, understanding can help you be familiar with DNA replication, the details of which can be processed through learning the names and functions of the various structures and enzymes involved. Because this is a systematic procedure that incorporates many different parts, drawing and redrawing diagrams can prove worthwhile for long-term retention of the operations.

When these operations are understood, a more general understanding of genetics can be studied. A familiarity with Gregor Mendel and his laws (Law of Dominance, Law of Segregation, and the Law of Independent Assortment) can act as a solid foundation for genetic transfer beyond the microscopic scale. This will lead one to learn about parents, first and second generations, and the expression of phenotypes as predicted with Punnett squares.

Much difficulty in studying genetics and heredity stems from the necessity of learning an exhaustive number of terms and definitions. Intelligent utilization of flashcards and diagrams can address these problems.

Mitosis and Meiosis

Mitosis and meiosis are processes by which cells reproduce. A mitosis is a form of asexual reproduction where the resulting cell is genetically identical to the parent cell, whereas meiosis results in a cell that contains only half of the chromosomes found in the parent cell. It is wise to note both the similarities and the differences when reviewing the two processes. Similar to the method used for recalling the various taxonomic classes, a mnemonic device can prove valuable in learning the stages of mitosis and meiosis.

While these two reproduction methods share essentially the same steps, it can be useful to think that because meiosis is involved in sexual reproduction, a method for diversifying life; it is more complicated than mitosis. Recalling this can help you remember which mnemonic goes with which process.

Familiarity with the cell cycle is helpful in understanding these two processes. Cells do not arbitrarily reproduce, nor do they reproduce nonstop. Instead, there are triggers and signals that must be present before a cell will begin reproduction. Mitosis can be broken down into four main stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. But there are two additional “stages” of interphase and cytokinesis. The acronym IPMATC can be useful in recalling the order in which these stages happen.

Meiosis shares the same stages, but it occurs in two ordered sequences, so there is an IPMAT 1 and an IPMAT 2. The best method for retaining the details involved in both processes is to utilize a whiteboard and diagrams, drawing and redrawing the steps until this can be done without the aid of any reference material. It may sound repetitive, but this method of learning is invaluable for gaining functional knowledge of this material.

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants transform the energy in light into chemical energy that can be used to fuel life functions. A solid grasp of photosynthesis entails an understanding of what cellular structures enable the process (think chloroplasts, and other structures present in plant cells that are not in animal cells) as well as how the process happens (without carbon dioxide and water the process cannot take place).

Just as you should be familiar with the chemical equation governing cellular respiration (the energy liberating process in animal cells), you should also understand the chemical equation relating to the reactants and products of photosynthesis. Both of these processes rely upon the transfer of free electrons to generate chemical energy. And, just as animal cells carry out the Krebs cycle to generate ATP, plants carry out the Calvin cycle to generate energy. Analogs like this are very useful to recognize as they can reduce two distinct processes into a single concept and thus simplify the material to be learned.

Familiarity with the different types of photosynthesis is also useful to learn. Some types require the presence of light whereas others can be performed in the absence of light. An understanding of what biological purpose or function this serves can be helpful. Similarly to all of the other systems and processes, the usage of a whiteboard and diagrams, as well as a complementary list of the cellular features necessary, can prove invaluable when reviewing involved procedures such as photosynthesis. However, when you can already generate the information without the aid of reference materials, you can be certain that you have developed a firm comprehension of the concept.

Helpful tips for the HESI A2 biology test

Make flashcards. You can either make them yourself with the help of friends, classmates, or family members; you could buy pre-made cards from stores like Target and Walmart; or if not, use sites online such as StudyBlue to create your own deck of study cards at no cost. Flashcards serve as a great way to review important concepts.

Take practice quizzes, exams, and tests before the HESI A21 Biology exam date. This allows you to get a feel for what will be on your test so that when it comes time for the actual exam day, you’ll know what to expect. It also helps reduce anxiety as many people are more nervous about recalling information than putting it together.

Use a study planner to help you plan your time during the week and divide up work for each day so that you’re not overwhelmed. You can make this as simple or detailed as you want, but just try to map out when and how much studying will happen on any given day of the week.

Never start studying for the HESI A21 Biology exam without knowing what you’re going to do after. If that means taking a break from study, make sure you establish when and why it’s appropriate to take one before starting your work.

When studying for the exam, it’s important to work on your strengths and weaknesses. If you’re really struggling with a particular subject or concept, take notes in class so that you can spend more time drilling down into what you find difficult later.

Hesi A2 Biology Practice Test Resource

Where can you find Hesi A2 Materials and Test Resources? We highly recommend that you use our HESI practice website with complete guidance and practice tests with explanations, and short assessments to measure your understanding. It can help you prepare for exam day by giving you a strong math foundation. Take our HESI practice test now!