EMT vs Paramedic: What Is The Difference?

This blog post is going to indicate the difference between EMT vs Paramedic, what these careers entail and how they differ from one another.

If you are interested in a career where you will be saving lives, then becoming an EMT or paramedic might be the perfect choice for you. This blog post is going to introduce what these careers entail and how they differ from one another. We will also talk about certification requirements so that you can start your journey into this rewarding profession.

The amount of education and the level of care for patients are the two biggest differences between EMTs and Paramedics. A paramedic usually has more training and is able to provide a higher level of care for patients, while an EMT cannot.

What are they?

EMTs are also known as Emergency Medical Technicians, they are the person who will be providing pre-hospital care and who are typically the first person on the scene.

Paramedics, also known as Emergency Medical Technicians with Advanced Life Support training, have more advanced skills than an EMT, such as suturing wounds and administering IV drugs. They can provide both basic and advanced life support services for patients in emergency situations.

Where do they work?

Some places where EMTs can often work are ambulance services, governments, hospitals, fire departments, and hospital departments. In these places, a medical director or physician supervises their work and they have a limited scope of practice.

On the other hand, Paramedics most commonly are employed by emergency medical services (EMS). There, they can work with EMTs, but the number of Paramedics is often larger than EMTs. Besides, Paramedics can also work for air ambulances and fire services.

emt vs paramedic
EMT vs Paramedic


The difference in typical responsibilities between EMT vs Paramedic

As the first responders to an emergency situation, EMTs have some duties such as responding to 911 calls for emergency medical technicians, assessing patients, helping them stabilize, and treating them on the way to hospitals or between facilities. Some of the treatments they can do within their scope of practice are using a backboard and restrains to keep the patients still and safe in the ambulance during transport, providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), or bandaging wounds, controlling external bleeding, preventing shock and further injury in patients. They also must maintain patient records, inform the hospital about the injury or illness, the number of patients being transported, and the expected time of arrival.

In addition to some EMTs’ basic duties, Paramedics can take more advanced practices. For instance, they might provide additional treatment to the patient during transport, such as intravenous (IV) medications or fluid replacement. They can also use more advanced equipment in order to treat patients who have been injured severely enough that they need surgery and transported by helicopter.

Education and experience requirements

If you want to become an EMT, having a high school diploma or GED is sufficient. You do not need an associate or bachelor’s degree. However, completing an EMT training program that is offered by community colleges and vocational schools is a must. Such programs often are completed in 150 hours. In addition, to become a successful EMT, students must also pass the National Registry Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) cognitive exam.

The highest level of EMTs is Paramedics which is why becoming a Paramedic requires more education than becoming an EMT. Students must finish basic and advanced EMT training courses and additional studies. Generally, they also have to work as EMTs for one to two years to gain experience. Students must also take EMT courses at a college or university. These programs typically last between two and four years. That depends on the school’s curriculum, which ranges from 100 to 200-course hours. Paramedics are required to be certified by the National Board for Certification of Emergency Medical Technicians (NBCET).

Certification and license

Obtaining CPR certification is a must for anyone who wants to become an EMT because only a person who possesses CPR certification can enroll in an EMT training program. Many organizations provide students with that certification such as the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association. Another certification students must take to become an EMT is the National Registry Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certification. NREMT certification is the guarantee of a student’s competence and almost every state requires it for becoming a licensed emergency medical technician. The EMT must be at least 18 years old and should have a valid driver’s license to receive an NREMT license.

In order to become a Paramedic, you are required to obtain all the licenses as an EMT. In addition, Paramedics must pass the NBCET Exam and also be licensed by their state. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) administers this exam which is a two-part assessment that consists of an essay test and a computerized practical examination where students are required to perform skills such as cardiac monitoring, intravenous fluid administration, and airway management.

How do you become an EMT?

Steps for becoming an EMT:

  • 18 years old or older with a valid driver’s license.
  • Complete your basic educational requirements – a high school diploma or GED.
  • Gain CPR certification from the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association.
  • Take the NREMT exam and get your certification once you pass it.
  • You can take boot camp to become certified but this is not mandatory in most states. This usually takes about three weeks).

How do you become a paramedic?

You have to meet the following requirements:

  • 18 years old or older with a valid driver’s license.
  • Complete your basic educational requirements – a high school diploma or GED.
  • Gain CPR certification from the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association if you want to work as an EMT and not be limited to just paramedics (this usually takes about three weeks).
  • Take the NREMT exam and get your certification once you pass it.
  • Get a job as an EMT for at least two years. This will give you more experience in emergency medical situations.
  • Complete paramedic school (this usually takes about six months).

In conclusion, the difference between an EMT and a paramedic is that the latter has more training than the former. An EMT provides basic life support (BLS). While paramedics provide BLS plus advanced cardiac care which includes administering medications to patients as well as performing endotracheal intubation (EIT ).

If you are going to take the EMT-B exam, we suggest that our free EMT practice test will be an optimus option for you. Thousands of free EMT practice questions and our unique gamified learning technique will help you get 100% ready for your coming exam. Take it now!

Average EMT Salary by State (2021 updated)

In this blog, we will answer all your questions about how much an EMT makes and the average EMT salary by State. Check it out!

EMTs play a vital role in the healthcare industry. When it comes to emergency medical situations, they are the first responders to help save people’s lives. Although EMTs might not make as much as a paramedic, the demand for them is always high. In this blog, we will answer all your questions about how much an EMT makes and the average EMT salary by State.

average emt salary by state

What does an EMT do?

Emergency Medical Technicians, also known as EMTs, are the first responders at the scene of an emergency such as serious accidents or injuries. Hospitals, fire departments, police departments, or private ambulance services are some places where EMTs probably work.

There, they are in charge of assessing and treating patients in emergencies so that patient’s conditions can be stabilized long enough while they are being given to the hospital. Maintaining a patient’s airway, addressing bleeding, and preventing shock are several vital treatments EMTs can take care of on the spot.

Do Paramedics make more than an EMT?

EMTs’ main duties are assessing and stabilizing patient’s conditions by providing them with some basic life-saving treatments. On the other hand, paramedics who are licensed medical providers have the right to apply more advanced life-saving measures such as using a defibrillator, administering drugs, inserting an IV line, and intubating a patient.

To become paramedics, students must study both basic and advanced EMT studies. They also have to finish the supplementary courses and on-job training as well. It means that Paramedics require higher education and more experience, so they can earn more than EMTs.

How much does an EMT make?

While paramedics can earn $40,000 as the annual average salary, EMTs earn between $33,000 to $50,000 per year on average. However, EMT salary can be affected by many other factors including the state of the employment and the company a person works for.

How much does an EMT Basic make in an hour?

According to Salary.com, the average annual salaries of EMTs are between $32,860 and $40,760 nationwide. Therefore, they can earn an average of $16 to $20 per hour.

Where do EMTs get paid the most?

how much an EMT makes

Like other careers, EMTs get paid the most in areas with high demand for their services. However, before seeking a job with a high-paid salary at a new place, you should also consider the course of living there, such as the costs of housing, travel, food, and other commodities. When considering these things, you may realize that the high wages offered to tend to be lower ones.

Zip recruiter’s report, which is confirmed by the Bureau of Labour Statistics, showed that New York is the place where EMTs get the highest-paid. The average salary of an EMT there is $15.78 per hour, so they can earn the average salary of $32,823.

Average EMT salary by state

Below are average estimates of wages as reported by Zip Recruiter, ranked from highest to lowest.

The lowest salary
The highest salary
The average salary
Per hour Annually
1 New York $24,622 $42,678 $15.78 $32,823
2 Massachusetts $24,419 $42,326 $15.52 $32,286
3 Washington $22,398 $38,822 $15.52 $32,286
4 New Hampshire $23,958 $41,427 $15.21 $31,643
5 Hawaii $22,549 $39,085 $15.01 $31,226
6 Maryland $22,780 $39,484 $14.49 $30,131
7 Connecticut $22,431 $38,880 $14.48 $30,122
8 Rhode Island $21,656 $37,537 $14.36 $28,877
9 Alaska $22,500 $39,000 $14.35 $29,838
10 Vermont $22,532 $39,055 $14.29 $29,715
11 Nebraska $22,562 $39,107 $14.27 $29,677
12 Nevada $22,500 $39,000 $14.23 $29,677
13 North Dakota $22,500 $39,000 $14.18 $29,492
14 Wyoming $22,500 $39,000 $14.17 $29,467
15 California $22,466 $38,942 $14.14 $29,419
16 Virginia $22,029 $38,182 $14.08 $29,288
17 Kentucky $20,910 $36,243 $13.80 $28,699
18 South Dakota $21,223 $36,787 $13.76 $28,631
19 New Jersey $21,521 $37,303 $13.74 $28,569
20 West Virginia $21,770 $37,735 $13.72 $28,534
21 Pennsylvania $21,328 $36,968 $13.65 $28,396
22 South Carolina $21,220 $36,781 $13.58 $28,249
23 Minnesota $21,146 $36,653 $13.57 $28,223
24 Oregon $21,214 $36,771 $13.54 $28,155
25 Delaware $21,251 $36,835 $13.53 $28,151
26 Colorado $21,383 $37,065 $13.52 $28,114
27 Tennessee $21,166 $36,687 $13.52 $28,1114
28 Montana $22,500 $39,000 $13.51 $28,093
29 Ohio $20,914 $36,251 $13.43 $27,929
30 Wisconsin $20,509 $35,549 $13.40 $27,862
31 Arizona $21,222 $36,785 $13.37 $27,804
32 Kansas $20,695 $35,871 $13.31 $27,684
33 Utah $21,077 $36,534 $13.30 $27,672
34 Indiana $20,840 $36,122 $13.28 $27,626
35 Oklahoma $20,781 $36,022 $13.26 $27,582
36 Idaho $22,500 $39,000 $13.22 $27,504
37 Maine $20,468 $35,477 $13.21 $27,483
38 Louisiana $20,678 $35,843 $13.16 $27,372
39 Iowa $20,616 $35,734 $13.02 $27,090
40 Georgia $20,107 $34,851 $12.90 $26,822
41 Texas $20,231 $35,068 $12.75 $26,514
42 Arkansas $20,216 $35,041 $12.68 $26,370
43 Alabama $20,132 $34,895 $12.59 $26,195
44 New Mexico $19,900 $34,492 $12.72 $26,457
45 Michigan $19,719 $34,181 $12.69 $26,390
46 Illinois $19,712 $34,168 $12.61 $26,227
47 Mississippi $19,826 $34,366 $12.47 $25,930
48 Missouri $19,445 $33,705 $12.44 $25,869
49 Florida $18,972 $32,883 $12.15 $25,281
50 North Carolina $17,455 $30,256 $11.57 $25,072

Firstly, becoming an EMT is widely known as the first and fundamental step to get to a better job or a better life. Therefore, a lot of people take an EMT course and exam first, but not all of them work as EMTs for their whole life, many EMTs then access higher education to become licensed paramedics or doctors and other higher-paid medical professionals.

It’s a well-known fact that EMT jobs are not as lucrative as they might seem. There are a few reasons why the EMT salary is so low.

Why is EMT pay so low?

Another reason why EMTs are paid so low is they are often seen as a public service. They can work for government-funded positions that do not always pay well, or they can work privately and get paid less than their counterparts in other medical fields.

Last but not least, in some rural areas, volunteers are often in charge of EMTs’ roles. This means that it will be harder for EMTs to earn a wage because there are so many people who are ready to do this job for free.

Are EMTs in demand?

Like all medical professions, the demand for emergency medical services is often stable. It is expected to grow 7 percent between 2018 and 2028. This increasing speed is higher than all other occupations. As a result, finding work as an EMT is easy, and this job would be secured.

In conclusion, it is not hard to become an EMT. The necessary training can be done in a short amount of time, and those who go through this process are likely to find work quickly. To help you achieve your EMT career, we have designed the EMT practice test website to help you improve your understanding of all EMT knowledge areas.

Thousands of free EMT-B practice questions and EMT full tests are available for you. Take it now!

HESI A2 Grammar Study Guide (2021)

The Hesi A2 Grammar Study Guide is designed to help you prepare for the Grammar Section of the HESI A2 exam. Check it out now!

The Hesi A2 Grammar Study Guide is designed to help you prepare for the Grammar Section of the HESI A2 exam. This study guide covers all of the concepts that may be tested on this exam. It also provides tips for how to pass the Grammar Test as well as a free HESI A2 practice test source for you. We hope that this blog post helps prepare you for success!

hesi a2 grammar practice test

HESI A2 Grammar Test

Grammar is the final test in the English and language arts portion of the HESI. Being skilled in reading and understanding written passages is very important to success in nursing school, and so is having a large and wide-ranging vocabulary. However, these aren’t enough by themselves. It’s also very important to have a strong grasp of grammar, which is basically the set of rules that govern how to use a language. Of course, there are a lot of different rules that govern how to use English, and many of them are very complicated.

Like the other two exams, it also has 55 questions (five of which don’t count). The recommended time limit for Grammar is 50 minutes, but you’ll want to check with your school to find out the actual time limit you’ll be up against. Many people who have taken all of the sections report that they found the Grammar test to be the most difficult of the three exams in the English portion of the HESI.

What’s On the HESI A2 Grammar Test?   

Parts of Speech

Remember all the lessons about nouns and verbs? Well, those could come in really handy right about now! Be sure to familiarize yourself with the eight parts of speech: noun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, conjunction, pronoun, and interjection. It may also be helpful to know what these mean: pronoun-antecedent, subject, and predicate.

For example, you know a verb is an action or being word. Well, a predicate is just the verb, plus the other words that go with the verb.

Look at this sentence:

Harry wrote the letter neatly.

Wrote is the verb and wrote the letter neatly is the predicate.

Verb Forms and Tenses

This is an important concept you should pay attention to while studying for the HESI A2 Grammar Test.

Besides knowing what part of speech verbs are, you must know what form and tense of a verb to use in different situations. For instance, do you use ring, rang, or rung, when talking about a bell? The rule for this is: ring is what a bell does in the present tense, rang is in the past, and rung is in the past perfect and must use has, had, or have. Other words like this include swim and bring (there is no such word as brang). Candidates may make some very common errors with these words: see, saw, seen.

You can say, “I saw,” but not “I seen.” You have to use have or had with seen. The same goes for ride, rode, and have/has/had ridden. But never use have, had, or has with saw or rode. Yeah, isn’t the English language great?

Pronoun Use

Unless you are about 2 years old, you know that the sentence “Her went to the store” does not sound right. But what about this? Which one is correct?

– Jamie called Butch and I to dinner.

– Jamie called Butch and me to dinner.

Believe it or not, it’s the second one. The word me is used for objects and I is used for subjects in a sentence. An easier way to determine me versus I is to take the other person out of the sentence and see which sounds right. “Jamie called I to dinner” just doesn’t cut it. It would be “Jamie and I went to dinner” because “Me went to dinner” is just wrong.

Also, practice the use of him and her, as well as when to use himself or herself, instead. Oh, and there is also no such word as “theirselves.”


If you’ve read things on social media lately, you know that some people can go a little crazy with capital letters. Some people use them all the time and some, not at all. For this test, you’ll need to prove you know the rules.

Basically, all sentences and proper nouns (the name of a person, place, or thing) begin with a capital letter. So do titles of people (Mr., Dr., etc.) and a few other word types. You can find a number of lists of capitalization rules online to help you nail this skill.

There are some tricky things to capitalization, too. For example, look at the word dad in these sentences. Both are correct.

– My dad is my best friend.

– I told Dad to come with us.

Why the difference? In the second sentence, Dad is used as a name. In the first, it is not. Saying, “my dad” is the same as saying, “my ball, my dog, my pencil,” none of which need capital letters.


Punctuation basics are easy, right? A period at the end of a sentence, question mark after a question, etc. But there are some confusing points, too. Here are a few rules to remember:

Commas used in a series of words typically include one before the word and in academic writing: I had apples, peaches, and pears for lunch. This is the serial comma, or also known as the Oxford comma. It is a matter of style preference, so remember to check the preferred style guide of the institution, or school, for whom you are writing, or read test instructions, and practice consistency.)

An apostrophe used to show possession is always directly after the person/s or animal/s that actually possess/es the thing: If the bone belongs to one dog, it is “the dog’s bone,” but if it belongs to two or more dogs, it is “the dogs’ bone.”

Looking up other apostrophe rules would be a good idea. There are many.

Apostrophes are not used just to form a plural! “I love my baby’s” is just not right. It should be babies.

Quotation marks: Generally, all other forms of punctuation are written inside the quotes. Jean said, “I am the oldest person here.” And “Hi!” said Tom.

Review where to use a hyphen (-).

Confusing Words

The English language has many confusing words. The Grammar section of the HESI exam will test your knowledge of a few of them. To prepare for this section of the test, take note of the following reminders:

Know the differences among your/you’re, there/their/they’re, and its/it’s. You should be able to split any two words that are joined with an apostrophe into those two words and have the sentence still make sense.

Example: “I saw you’re house” may sound right, but if you split you’re into two words, it becomes “I saw you are house,” which is not right. By the same token, “Your my best friend” is not right, either. This time, it is supposed to have the equivalent of you are in it, so “You’re my best friend” works.

Other tricky words to study include: accept/except, effect/affect, and advice/advise. Example: He gives advice. But, He did not advise her.

Know when to use lay and lie, less and fewer, harder and hardest, etc. Trick: Use -er ending when comparing two things and -est for three or more.

It should be “I could have danced all night,” not “I could of danced all night.”

Its is the only possessive that doesn’t have an apostrophe. It’s, with the apostrophe, means it is.

Sentence Structure

Some of the questions will ask you to decide which form of a sentence is correct. What this means is, “Which form makes the meaning most clear to you, the reader?” This may involve punctuation or word usage. There may be two answers that are actually correct, but only one of them is best.

For example, Jane was just thinking of John, not Tim, when she ran into him. (It is not clear who she ran into.)

This is better: Jane had been thinking of John when she ran into Tim.

Other Items

It would probably be a good idea to know what each of the following items means and to be able to tell if a sentence has them and where they are in the sentence:

– dependent clause

– independent clause

– weak clause

– active verb tense

Word Pairs and Common Mistakes

Some of the questions in the grammar subsection of the test will be related to clauses, word pairing, and common grammatical mistakes. For example:

Read the following sentences and determine which sentence includes only an independent clause and which includes a dependent clause

  1. Jim went walking in the park
  2. Jim went walking because he needs to lose weight

The first sentence contains only an independent clause. Jim is the subject and went walking is the verb. This statement can stand on its own. The second sentence contains a dependent clause: because he needs to lose weight. This clause cannot stand on its own and needs the independent clause, Jim went walking.

Read the following sentences and identify the correct missing words

  1. Dostoyevsky is the man___ wrote Crime and Punishment
  2. I asked to ___ the package had been delivered

Word pairs are words that have similar meanings and uses and can be easily confused. In the first question, the answer is who. Sometimes, people will use that instead of who, but who should be used when discussing a person. The second answer is whom, which is only used in the objective case (when the pronoun is the object and not the subject), rather than the nominative case (referring to the subject).

Read the following sentences and determine which sentence is a run-on

  1. John and I took a trip to Paris it was a really good experience.
  2. Betsy and Phil went to Italy, and they had a lot of fun.

The first sentence is a run-on sentence. It should read: John and I took a trip to Paris. It was a really good experience. Or, alternatively: John and I took a trip to Paris, and it was a really good experience. The sample sentence contains two clauses that run together. It is missing punctuation, or punctuation, and a transition word.

Tips to study for the Grammar section

There are some tips you should know and remember when studying and taking the test:

  • Know which punctuation to use, and when.  
  • Study the English usage of pronouns.  
  • Learn how to correctly use possessives.
  • Review subject-verb agreement thoroughly so that you are confident in your answers.
  • You will meet many questions in these three areas: sentence structure, word choice, and punctuation.   
  • Make sure to study the Apostrophe section as it’s a common mistake in college-level English courses.  
  • When you see an abbreviation, make sure that you know what dates are abbreviated.
  • Review the Comma rules for Quotations and lists of items.
  • Remember that there are two sets of homophones and they’re often confused.

A great way to study Grammar is to read a lot, so practice reading the newspaper as if you were going back in time – without an Internet connection!   

Hesi A2 Grammar Practice Test Resource

Where you can find the HESI A2 practice test resource? We highly recommend that you use our HESI exam training website with a complete HESI A2 study guide and practice tests with explanation, and short assessments to measure your understanding. It can help you prepare for exam day by giving you a strong grammar foundation. 

Thousand of HESI A2 practice questions and various full practice test will help you boost your knowledge and get 100% familiar with the test format. Take it now!

How to become an EMT?

This blog will guide you on how to become an EMT, including what it takes, where you can get started and the EMT practice test resource!

EMTs are the frontline of emergency medical services. They respond to emergencies, provide life-saving interventions, and transport the sick or injured from one location to another. It takes a lot of training and hard work to become an EMT but it is very rewarding once you succeed! This blog will guide you on how to become an EMT, including what it takes, where you can get started and the free EMT practice test resource!

How to become an EMT

Different types of EMTs

There are several different types of EMTs that you can choose to become. The three most common and widely used are EMT-B (Emergency Medical Technician), EMT-A (Advanced Emergency Medical Technician), and EMT-Paramedic (commonly referred to as Paramedic). Here is a brief summary of each one!


The standard certification level is EMT-B. Therefore, it involves fewer training hours and responsibilities than those with more advanced training. EMT-Basic performs a variety of duties such as: assessing a patient’s condition, performing basic life support (BLS), reading electrocardiograms (EKGs), and more.


EMT-A is a higher level that requires at least one year of additional training beyond the minimum requirements for an EMT-B certificate. The tasks EMT-A needs to perform are the same as EMT-B plus performing advanced airway management and intravenous therapy.


This is also at a higher level than EMT-A, which will require two years of training beyond the minimum requirements for an EMT-A certificate. They provide additional care such as administering medications orally or through injections to patients

The most advanced level of certification for an emergency medical technician is EMT-Paramedic. In order to receive this certificate, it requires at least two years of additional training not including EMT-B certification requirements. The duties performed by paramedics are the same as an EMT-A plus the ability to provide advanced medical care. This includes IV therapy, administering medications orally and by injection, performing psychomotor skills including emergency childbirth deliveries and CPR for adults (including on pediatric patients).

How to become an EMT?

How to become an EMT

Complete EMT Basic Training

It is a must for any Emergency Medical Technician to obtain CPR certification. The American Heart Association and the American Red Cross regularly offer the CPR certification course which is available through many communities and organizations. Both EMTs and Paramedics have to complete a postsecondary emergency medical technology program lasting 1-2 years. They are taught how to assess, care for, and transport patients after finishing that course at a community college, technical college, or university.

Aspiring paramedics then pursue a two-year associate degree in emergency medical services. These programs prepare learners to administer medications, insert IVs, and resuscitate patients.

Register, Schedule & Pass the National Registry Exam

Then, you will need to pass the National Registry Exam. This test is offered in both written and practical formats, with a passing score of 75% or higher on each exam section being required for EMT certification eligibility. The current version of the registry exam has two sections:

Cognitive Section

Cognitive Exam includes questions about patient assessment skills, medications and treatments, patient care skills, medical terminology, and anatomy.

Exam Type: Computer Adaptive
Questions: 70-120
Time Limit: 2 hours

Cognitive Exam Fee: $98 (Per exam attempt)
Renewal Fee: $20
Late Fee: $50 + Renewal Fee

Practical Section

Practical Section – includes a written exam on the Basic Skills Protocols to demonstrate that you can perform all of the tasks in this section successfully.

For more detailed information, check the Candidate book on the NREMT website.

Complete the Live Scan fingerprinting background check

You must complete a BCIA 8016, REQUEST FOR LIVE SCAN SERVICE form and take it to a live scan operator. They will then take a full set of your fingerprints which must be submitted to BCIA.

Necessary documents

Take all necessary documents and apply for certification at an EMS agency.

Before you apply for certification at an EMS agency, you must pass the NREMT exam and complete your Live Scan background check. Once you take your NREMT card, your completion certificate from the EMT course, and your CPR card, bringing them to the local EMS agency and make an application for certification.

Complete Advanced EMT Training (Optional)

You can complete an advanced EMT course on your own time, and take the Advanced EMT exam from the NREMT through BCIA to become eligible for higher-level positions. It takes about 150 to 200 hours of fieldwork to complete an Advanced training course. Internship rotations in an emergency room and an emergency services agency are required by many courses.

Complete a Two-Year Degree Program (Optional)

EMTs are often eligible for a two-year degree program provided by community colleges or vocational training schools. These programs typically take between 18 and 24 months to complete, but they will provide you with the opportunity to earn more income while working as an EMT.

Emergency Medical Technician Exam FAQs

What are the EMT Basic requirements?

To obtain an EMT-B, there are certain requirements that you must meet. You need to be at least 18 years old and pass a criminal background check. In addition, applicants must have a high school diploma or equivalent and receive formal training from an approved paramedic program. They must complete a state-approved EMT-B or I/85 course within the last 2 years. Successfully complete a psychomotor exam and passing the NREMT cognitive exam. Also, a current Healthcare Provider BLS certification is required.

How long does it take to become an EMT?

Most candidates need six months to two years to complete the training courses and pass the NREMT exam. However, the length of time needed varies depending on the individual’s experience with related work and his/her desire.

What other jobs can I do as a paramedic/EMT?

They can work in a variety of fields, including emergency medicine and private ambulance companies. For example, EMTs and paramedics can explore careers as police officers and firefighters. Hospitals also hire them as emergency-room technicians.

How to become an EMT after high school?

To get your Emergency Medical Technician certification, you must be at least 18 years old. As soon as you finish high school or receive your GED, you can apply for a certification program. You can take just the certification class at a local college or enroll for an Emergency Medical Services Associate in Science degree offered by many colleges.

To sum up, when people think about careers in emergency medicine, one of the first things that probably comes to mind is becoming a paramedic or Emergency Medical Technician. What does this job entail? How do I get it? This article has covered the basics of what it takes to become an EMT.

Hoping that this definitive guide can help you take the next step in your career. Now it’s time to practice to get ready for your coming EMT exam. Take it now!

HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Study Guide

If you are struggling to prepare for your HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Test, then this is the article for you. Check it out now!

If you are struggling to prepare for your HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Test, then this is the article for you! We have compiled a list of study aids that will help get you ready. These reading comprehension questions go in-depth and focus on specific topics so that if one question stumps you, it won’t matter because there are many more chances to succeed.

As you know, Reading Comprehension is part of the HESI A2 because reading skills are essential to success as a nurse. If you’re planning to attend nursing school, you should be aware that you’re going to be doing quite a lot of reading. To improve your ability and get familiar with the test format, take our free HESI practice test 2021 now!

HESI A2 Reading Comprehension

What’s on the HESI A2 Reading Comprehension Section?

You’ll have 55 multiple-choice questions in this section, and a recommended time limit of 60 minutes, although each school is free to set its own time limit. Reading scenarios that are health-related. Reading Comprehension test focused on the details below: 

Finding the Main Idea

The main idea is what the text is about and what the author wants you, the reader, to know. If someone were to ask you, “What was that book or article about?” they are asking you about the main idea. When you can tell them succinctly what it is about, you have a grasp on the main idea.

The purpose of the main idea is twofold. First, it lets the reader know what the text is about so that the reader can decide whether or not to continue reading. Secondly, its purpose is to engage the reader quickly. It serves to capture and take hold of the reader within the first minute or two of picking up the text.

How can you identify the main idea? The main idea is usually (but not always) within the first two to three sentences. Often, the main idea is the same as the topic sentence. And even other times, the title is the main idea. After the first paragraph of a text, a reader should be able to identify what the topic and main idea are and what the text is seeking to do. Some questions you can ask yourself after the first paragraph include:

  • Does this book/article/text tell me who, what, where, or how about something?
  • Does this piece’s title tell me what I am reading?
  • What is the point of this text?

Main idea and supporting details

The text you are reading will have additional details that help support or lend credence to the main idea. As you are reading, it is important to stop periodically and measure whether these supporting details help illustrate the main idea and how they relate to each other.

Rereading and reviewing

Sometimes it is necessary to read the text again to decipher the main idea and the supporting details. Read each paragraph carefully and consider why the author is sharing this information

Supporting Details

Supporting details exist to support the main idea. In a paragraph format, these details come after the topic sentence – the first sentence in a paragraph, usually – and before the final sentence. Supporting details serve as pillars to “hold up” the main idea of a passage or paragraph, and could also be identified as proof or evidence of an idea.

Author’s Tone & Purpose

In the HESI A2 Reading Comprehension section, you may meet the questions asking about the author’s tone and purpose.

What is the author’s tone? The author’s tone is the way the author speaks through her/his words. The author’s tone includes the words that he/she uses to describe people, situations, and events. The tone gives the reader clues about how the author thinks or feels about particular subjects and people. We get a sense of the author’s attitude.

What’s its purpose? Part of the purpose of tone is to create the mood of the piece. Mostly, however, the tone of the text gives the reader insight into why the author is writing in the first place, especially in non-fiction writing. The reader can infer the author’s purpose by identifying the tone.

The author’s tone is important because, along with clueing the reader into the purpose of the text, it allows the reader to engage in a deeper way by identifying whether the text is fact or opinion, an expository or persuasive piece, etc. Evaluating the tone also requires the reader to check his or her own biases and prejudices in relation to the topic. Do you find yourself sympathizing with something simply because of how the author speaks? The tone may be partially responsible!

Tone can be tricky to identify, but some general rules are to look to the adjectives and descriptions of people, places, and events in the text. How is the author using his words? What words is he/she choosing? How does he/she compare and contrast within the text?

Is the author trying to prove something to the reader? Or else have something to gain? And are the adjectives used almost exclusively negative or have negative connotations? If asked, how would the author respond about the characters, events, or places? What would their face look like when asked?

Drawing Conclusions and Making Inferences

These are two interwoven ways to come to an understanding of a piece. Drawing conclusions involves looking at the facts, interpreting their purpose and meaning, and coming to a realization using those facts. Meanwhile, making inferences is similar, but rather than coming to a conclusion, facts are used to determine other facts that will eventually lead to a conclusion.

To draw a conclusion, look at the presented facts (and inferences), and determine what the author is saying using these facts. To make an inference, look at the facts presented, and determine what other facts might be realized in conjunction with the existing ones. For instance, if the evidence is presented that a leather shoe is damaged, and the owner of the shoes was near a lake, you can infer that the shoes were damaged by water.

Fact vs. Opinion

This is also a type of question that available in the HESI A2 Reading Comprehension test.

Fact is immutable, while opinion is entirely subjective. Facts are derived from tangible evidence (using sight, taste, touch, etc.) and are frequently regarded as universal truths. Opinions, however, are not presented with evidence but are presented as feelings and interpretations from one individual or a group of individuals.

When trying to determine whether something is a fact or an opinion, seek out supporting details. If something has numerous evidential supporting details, it is likely to be a fact. If something is supported largely with arguments or appeals to emotion, it is likely to be an opinion.

Compare and Contrast

Comparing and contrasting, while similar, are two very different actions. Comparing is the act of taking two or more things and working to identify similarities between those things. If you were to compare a cat and a dog, for instance, you might note that both are domesticated animals, both possess coats of fur, and both possess tails. Contrasting involves looking at two or more items and working to identify their differences. Again using a cat and a dog, you might note differences in temperaments, in size, and in the basic structure of ears. Comparing is finding similarities while contrasting is identifying differences.

There are certain words that can help clue you in as to whether an author is trying to compare or contrast. Words such as “and,” “also,” and “too” indicate comparison, whereas words such as “but,” “however,” “although,” and “nevertheless” indicate the difference.

Context Clues

Context clue is a term used to describe portions of a passage that lend insight into an idea or a word. Using context clues to find the meaning of a word involves looking at the sentences and phrases surrounding the word in question, and determining what meaning best fits the word based on what is being said in the passage. Using context clues to determine the meaning of an idea is similar; search the sentences and phrases surrounding the idea, and use those excerpts to determine the meaning or purpose of an idea.


Summaries usually come at the end of paragraphs and in the conclusion of pieces. A summary is used to concisely describe the overall purpose and message of a piece. The most common iteration of summaries can be found on the back of a film case; the movie is summarized to draw interest in the story and give an idea of what the story is about.

In literature and academia, the purpose of a summary is no different. Summaries are short passages used to give an idea of a work’s content and draw the interest of the audience.

Tips and tricks

HESI A2 Reading Comprehension

Eliminate the words or phrases.

A complaint which I hear often is that the students are unable to understand the given reading comprehension.  If you belong to this category, you need to understand that you don’t need to understand each and every word of the comprehension. At the same time, you should find the gist (summary) of it. Both these points above may appear contradictory But the crucial thing is, you need to eliminate the words, phrases, sentences from the Reading Comprehension that are not useful and need to focus on keywords.  

Find your strengths first.

To improve reading comprehension, first, you need to find your strengths first. The conservative approach to solving a passage is, to read the passage first, and then go to the questions and solve them. But some students do not feel comfortable with this method. Probably they do not know which keywords to remember while going through the comprehension. Or, they may have to read the comprehension again, after reading the questions. This lead to the problem of Time Management.

Solution: You can choose the “bottom-up” approach. That means, read the questions first, so that you have an idea of what to look for, in the comprehension. But ultimately you are the better judge of which approach is the best. So, practice several reading comprehensions in two different approaches and find out which method suits you.

Improve Your Vocabulary:

Vocabulary means knowledge of words (meaning of words). If you do not have a good vocabulary, you have to stop at every new word in the reading comprehension, and be puzzled about what does it mean? 

How to improve your vocabulary? Start reading in English, anything such as newspapers, stories, comics, textbooks…, anything that keeps you immersed in English. New words gradually sink into your subconscious mind and become familiar. Keep a notebook, Note down the new words you learned today and revise them periodically. And Keep a target and a schedule to learn a certain number of new words every day. 

Reading Comprehension Test Materials and Resource

Where you can find Hesi A2 Materials and Test Resource? We highly recommend that you use our online app with complete guidance and practice tests with explanation, and short assessments to measure your understanding. It can help you prepare for exam day by giving you a strong math foundation. 


Free HESI A2 Math Study Guide 2021

Our HESI A2 Math Study Guide and our free HESI practice test 2021 will help you get 100% ready for your coming big day. Check it out!

Math is a difficult subject for many people, but it doesn’t have to be. By reading our HESI A2 Math Study Guide and take our free HESI practice test 2021, you can prepare yourself for your HESI exam and brush up on those math skills that you may not remember from high school or college. This review will help you get ready to ace your next math test with confidence!

Free HESI A2 Math Study Guide

What’s on the HESI A2 Math Test?

The HESI math questions evaluate a candidate’s knowledge of basic math and mathematical concepts and apply that knowledge to presented scenarios. Content includes your understanding of Roman numerals, word problems, calculating dosages, household measures, and conversions.

The subtest is computer-delivered and contains 55 multiple-choice questions. Each question has four possible solutions; there is only one correct answer. Topics included in the Mathematics subtest are: Addition and Subtraction; Whole numbers – multiplication and division; Algebra; Decimals; Fractions; Ratios and proportions; Percentages; Military time; Measures and conversions and Word problems 

You have 50 minutes to complete the exam, and an on-screen calculator is available for your use.

Here are detail in each topic you can expect to see on the HESI A2 Math exam:

Working with whole numbers – the basics of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, etc.

Fractions – how to form them, add, subtract, multiply, and divide them (even when their denominators aren’t the same to express them as percentages, convert them into decimals, mixed fractions, etc.

Percentages – how to derive percentages, what they mean, how to convert them into fractions, how to express them as decimals, how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide with them, etc.

Decimals – what numbers in decimal form represent, how to read them, how to determine the proper placement of the decimal point, add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals, and convert them into fractions, how to express them as percentages, etc.

Ratios and proportions – you’ll need to understand what these are, how they relate to each other, and how to solve problems that ask you to derive one or the other, etc.

General math skills – you’ll see questions about everyday skills like balancing a checkbook, reading a label on a medicine bottle for the correct dose, common measurements such as quartz, pounds, ounces, gallons, pints, and how they relate to each other, etc.

What is the best way to study for the HESI?

Hesi a2 math

Here are some tips on how to complete the HESI Basic Math Skills exam successfully:

Manage test anxiety: Get plenty of rest and exercise while preparing for the HESI A2 test. Learn some relaxation techniques that work for you, and don’t forget to eat and drink on exam day.

Be ready for the exam: We recommend at least 1 to 3 months of HESI A2 math review beforehand. Knowing you can do the math will give you great confidence on exam day.

Avoid doing problems in your head: Instead, write out the solution steps using pencil and paper. Our best HESI A2 math practice questions will include guided solutions that show all the work in an organized manner, providing a model to follow when setting up and solving math problems.

Read the questions carefully: It’s also a good idea to draw pictures and highlight keywords if allowed. Finally, don’t forget to use the calculator if it’s available. It would be a shame to give wrong answers due to minor arithmetic errors.

Don’t stress if you can’t answer a question: Go through the problems in order. Skip the ones that seem difficult and go back to them later (if this is allowed). As you answer the easier questions, you’ll gain the confidence you need to tackle the harder problems. For multiple-choice questions, don’t be fooled by distractors. Remember to substitute answer choices as a strategy for solving the more difficult problems.

Use all of the time allowed for the test: If you finish, go back and rework the problems, but don’t change an answer unless you’re certain there’s an error.

Is the HESI math test hard?

If math isn’t your cup of tea, or if it’s been a while since you’ve seen a math problem of any kind, you may find the HESI A2 exam challenge. There’s no need to worry, however, as long as you properly prepare. The best way to successfully navigate the HESI exam is to familiarize yourself with everything you’ll face, then focus your attention on the concepts that give you the most trouble.

As mentioned previously, the math on the HESI A2 test won’t seem hard as long as you’re thoroughly prepared and confident on test day. To be sure you can rely on your skills, you’ll need more preparation than a dry textbook or practice problems without explanations. There are a few tricky problems on it, but if you take your time and work carefully through each one, there’s no way you’ll fail to get at least an 85%.

Free Hesi A2 Practice Test

Where can you find Hesi A2 Materials and Test Resources?

We highly recommend that you use our online website and our offline app with complete guidance and practice tests with a detailed explanation, and short assessments to measure your understanding. It can help you prepare for exam day by giving you a strong math foundation. 

Thousands of free HESI A2 practice questions and our unique gamified learning technique will boost your knowledge to get the highest score on your coming big day. Let’s practice now!